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Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 197–222 | Cite as

Saturated flow boiling heat transfer: review and assessment of prediction methods

  • Xiande FangEmail author
  • Fengting Zhuang
  • Chuang Chen
  • Qi Wu
  • Yanyu Chen
  • Yuanyuan Chen
  • Yan He
Review
  • 172 Downloads

Abstract

This paper presents a review of the correlations for saturated flow boiling heat transfer coefficients. Fifty correlations are systematically reviewed, which fall into seven categories. An experimental database for saturated flow boiling heat transfer was compiled from 67 sources. It contains 10,932 data points and covers 19 fluids, including eight pure halogenated refrigerants (R134a, R22, R123, R1234yf, R1234ze(E), R152a, R245fa, and R32), five refrigerant mixtures (R404A, R407C, R410A, R417A, and R507), four inorganic compounds (CO2, ammonia, water, and nitrogen), and two hydrocarbons (R290 and R600a). The parameter range of the database covers hydraulic diameters of 0.137–21 mm, mass fluxes of 20–1500 kg m−2 s−1, heat fluxes of 1.99–201 kW m−2, qualities of 0.001–0.999, and reduced pressures of 0.005–0.61. Fifty correlations of saturated flow boiling heat transfer coefficients are evaluated with the database, and the detail analysis of the evaluation results is performed. The work provides a guide to choosing a proper correlation for a given application and is helpful for understanding prediction methods of saturated flow boiling heat transfer coefficients.

Nomenclature

Ac

flow area or cross-sectional area (m2)

Bd

Bond number,g(ρl − ρg)D2/σ

Bo

boiling number,q/(Ghlg)

Bom

modified boiling number, (Ghlg/q)[1 + x(ρl/ρg − 1)]

C

Chisholm constant

Co

confinement number, \( \sqrt{\sigma /\left[g\left({\rho}_l-{\rho}_g\right)\right]}/D \)

Cv

convection number, [(1 − x)/x]0.8(ρg/ρl)0.5

cp

specific heat at constant pressure (J kg-1 K-1)

D

diameter, hydraulic diameter (m),4Ac/P

Dc

Laplace constant,\( \sqrt{\sigma /\left[g\left({\rho}_l-{\rho}_g\right)\right]} \)

F

Reynolds number factor

Ff

fluid-dependent parameter

Fa

Fang number, (ρl − ρg)σ/(G2D)

Fr

Froude number

f

Moody friction factor

G

mass flux (kg m-2 s-1)

g

Earth gravity, g = 9.8 m s-2.

H

height of rectangular channel (m)

h

heat transfer coefficient (W m-2 K-1)

hlg

latent heat of vaporization (J kg-1)

Kp

pressure dimensionless parameter, \( p/\sqrt{\sigma g\left({\rho}_l-{\rho}_g\right)} \)

L

channel length (m)

M

molecular mass (kg kmol-1)

Nu

Nusselt number

P

wetted perimeter (m)

PR

reduced pressure, p/pcrit

Pem

modified Peclet number, qDc/(hlgρgαl)

Pr

Prandtl number, cpμ/λ

p

pressure (Pa)

q

heat flux from channel wall to fluid (W m-2)

Re

Reynolds number

S

suppression factor

T

temperature (K)

t

temperature (°C)

W

width of rectangular channel (m)

We

Weber number

X

Martinelli parameter

x

vapor quality

Greek symbols

α

thermal diffusivity (m2 s-1)

βc

contact angle (rad)

δ

thickness (m)

ε

roughness (m), void fraction

θ

angle (rad), ratio of height to width of channel cross-section

λ

thermal conductivity (W m-1 K-1)

μ

dynamic viscosity (kg s-1 m-1)

ρ

density (kg m-3)

σ

surface tension (N m-1)

τ

pair period (s)

ϕ2

two-phase friction multiplier

Subscripts

cb

convective boiling

crit

critical point

dry

dryout

exp

experimental

f

fluid

film

liquid film between bubble and wall

g

saturated vapor

go

gas only, all flow taken as vapor

IA

intermittent to annular flow transition

l

saturated liquid

lam

laminar flow

lo

liquid only, all flow taken as liquid

nb

nucleate boiling

pred

predicted

sat

saturated

sp

single-phase

tp

two-phase

tt

turbulent liquid/turbulent gas

trans

laminar-turbulent transition

v

viscous

w

channel inner wall surface

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51576099, 51176074).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Aircraft Environment Control and Life Support, MIITNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina

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