Distances of elements in valued field extensions
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We develop a modification of a notion of distance of an element in a valued field extension introduced by F.-V. Kuhlmann. We show that the new notion preserves the main properties of the distance and at the same time gives more complete information about a valued field extension. We study valued field extensions of prime degree to show the relation between the distances of the elements and the corresponding extensions of value groups and residue fields. In connection with questions related to defect extensions of valued function fields of positive characteristic, we present constructions of defect extensions of rational function fields K(x, y)|K generated by elements of various distances from K(x, y). In particular, we construct dependent Artin–Schreier defect extensions of K(x, y) of various distances.
Mathematics Subject Classification12J10 12J25
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