Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 153, Issue 4, pp 493–506 | Cite as

Spatial changes in the distributions of deep-sea “Cerviniidae” (Harpacticoida, Copepoda) and their associations with environmental factors in the bathyal zone around Sagami Bay, Japan

  • M. Shimanaga
  • H. Nomaki
  • K. Iijima
Research Article

Abstract

To estimate species turnover rates on scales of several tens of km in deep-sea benthic animals, we analyzed spatial and inter-annual changes in species diversity and composition of cerviniids, a typical group of deep-sea harpacticoids, at stations in and around Sagami Bay, central Japan. Associations with environmental factors were also investigated. Generally, bathymetrical patterns in diversity of benthos are unimodal and peak at depths of 2,000–3,000 m. In Sagami Bay, cerviniid diversity did not follow this trend; both species richness and evenness were negatively correlated with water depth. Multivariate analyses [detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) and non-metric multi-dimensional scaling] suggested that temporal changes in species composition of cerviniids are smaller than spatial changes that occur on horizontal scales of several tens of km. Community structure does not change completely on these scales in the bathyal zone around Sagami Bay. DCA also showed that bathymetrical changes in species composition can be regulated by certain factors associated with water depth.

Keywords

Meiofauna Detrended Correspondence Analysis Adult Density Harpacticoids Detrended Correspondence Analysis Axis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to the officers and crew members of the research vessel Tansei-maru of the independent administrative institution, the Japan Agency for Marine–Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC). We also thank Dr. W. Lee who helped to identify males of N. itoi. Special thanks to two anonymous reviewers who kindly checked our manuscript. This study was partly supported by a grant from the Ministry of Education, Sports, Culture, Science, and Technology of Japan (No. 16770012), and complied with the current laws of Japan where it was performed.

References

  1. Ahnert A, Schriever G (2001) Response of abyssal Copepoda Harpacticoida (Crustacea) and other meiobenthos to an artificial disturbance and its bearing on future mining for polymetallic nodules. Deep Sea Res II 48:3779–3794CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baguley JG, Montagna PA, Lee W, Hyde LJ, Rowe GT (2006) Spatial and bathymetric trends in Harpacticoida (Copepoda) community structure in the Northern Gulf of Mexico deep-sea. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 330:327–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barnett PRO, Watson J, Connelly D (1984) A multiple corer for taking virtually undisturbed samples from shelf, bathyal and abyssal sediments. Oceanol Acta 7:399–408Google Scholar
  4. Bodin P (1997) Catalogue of the new marine Harpacticoid Copepods (1997 Edn.). Documents de Travail de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 89:1–304Google Scholar
  5. Boucher G, Lambshead PJD (1995) Ecological biodiversity of marine nematodes in samples from temperate, tropical, and deep-sea regions. Conserv Biol 9:1594–1604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Boxshall GA, Halsey SH (2004) An Introduction to Copepod diversity. The Ray Society, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Burgess R (1998) Two new species of harpacticoid copepods from the Californian continental shelf. Crustaceana 71:258–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Clarke KR, Warwick RM (2001) Change in marine communities: an approach to statistical analysis and interpretation, 2nd edn. PRIMER-E, PlymouthGoogle Scholar
  9. Coull BC (1972) Species diversity and faunal affinities of meiobenthic Copepoda in the deep sea. Mar Biol 14:48–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Eckman JE, Thistle D (1991) Effects of flow about a biologically produced structure on harpacticoid copepods in San Diego Trough. Deep Sea Res 38:1397–1416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gage JD (1996) Why are there so many species in deep-sea sediments? J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 200:257–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gage JD, Tyler PA (1991) Deep-sea biology. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. George KH (2005) Sublittoral and bathyal Harpacticoida (Crustacea: Copepoda) of the Magellan region. Composition, distribution and species diversity of selected major taxa. Sci Mar 69:147–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. George KH, Schminke HK (2002) Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) of the Great Meteor Seamount, with first conclusions as the origin of the plateau fauna. Mar Biol 141:887–895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Glover AG, Smith CR, Paterson GLJ, Wilson GDF, Hawkins L, Sheader M (2002) Polychaete species diversity in the central Pacific abyss: local and regional patterns, and relationships with productivity. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 240:157–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Grassle JF, Maciolek NJ (1992) Deep-sea species richness: regional and local diversity estimates from quantitative bottom samples. Am Nat 139:313–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Greiser N, Faubel A (1988) Biotic factors. In: Higgins RP, Thiel H (eds) Introduction to the study of Meiofauna. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, pp 79–114Google Scholar
  18. Hessler RR, Jumars PA (1974) Abyssal community analysis from replicate box cores in the central North Pacific. Deep Sea Res 21:185–209Google Scholar
  19. Hicks GRF, Coull BC (1983) The ecology of marine meiobenthic harpacticoid copepods. Oceanogr Mar Biol Ann Rev 21:67–175Google Scholar
  20. Huys R, Gee JM, Moore CG, Hamond R (1996) Marine and brackish water Harpacticoid Copepods, Part 1. Field Studies Council, ShrewsburyGoogle Scholar
  21. Kitazato H, Ohga T (1995) Seasonal changes in deep-sea benthic foraminiferal populations: results of long-term observations at Sagami Bay, Japan. In: Sakai H, Nozaki Y (eds) Biogeochemical processes and Ocean flux in the Western Pacific. Terra Scientific Publishing Comp, Tokyo, pp 331–342Google Scholar
  22. Lambshead PJD, Boucher G (2003) Marine nematode deep-sea biodiversity—hyperdiverse or hype? J Biogeogr 30:475–631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lambshead PJD, Tietjen J, Ferrero T, Jensen P (2000) Latitudinal diversity gradients in the deep sea with special reference to North Atlantic nematodes. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 194:159–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lande R (1996) Statistics and partitioning of species diversity, and similarity among multiple communities. Oikos 89:5–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lang K (1934) Marine Harpacticiden von der Campbell-Insel und einigen anderen südlichen Inseln. Acta Univ lund (N.S.) (Avd. 2) 30:1–56Google Scholar
  26. Lee W, Yoo KI (1998) A new species of Neocervinia (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Cerviniidae) from the hyperbenthos of the Hatsushima cold-seep site in Sagami Bay, Japan. Hydrobiol 377:165–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Legendre P, Legendre L (1998) Numerical ecology, 2nd English edn. Elsevier, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  28. Lepš J, Šmilauer P (2003) Multivariate analysis of ecological data using CANOCO. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Levin LA, Etter RJ, Rex MA, Gooday AJ, Smith CR, Pineda J, Stuart CT, Hessler RR, Pawson D (2001) Environmental influences on regional deep-sea species diversity. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 32:51–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Magurran AE (1988) Ecological diversity and its measurement. Princeton University Press, PrincetonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Magurran AE (2004) Measuring biological diversity. Blackwell, MaldenGoogle Scholar
  32. Montagna P (1982) Morphological adaptation in the deep-sea benthic harpacticoid copepod family Cerviniidae. Crustaceana 42:37–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Montagna PA, Carey AG JR (1978) Distributional notes on Harpacticoida (Crustacea: Copepoda) collected from the Beaufort Sea (Arctic Ocean). Astarte Astarte 11:117–122Google Scholar
  34. Nakatsuka T, Kanda J, Kitazato H (2003) Particle dynamics in the deep water column of Sagami Bay, Japan. II: Seasonal change in profiles of suspended phytodetritus. Prog Oceanogr 57:47–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Nomaki H, Heinz P, Nakatsuka T, Shimanaga M, Ohkouchi N, Ogawa NO, Kogure K, Eiko Ikemoto E, Kitazato H (2006) Different ingestion patterns of 13C-labeled bacteria and algae by deep-sea benthic foraminifera. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 310:95–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Radziejewska T, Drzycimski I (2001) Changes in genus-level diversity of meiobenthic free-living nematodes (Nematoda) and harpacticoids (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) at an abyssal site following experimental sediment disturbance In: Chung JS (eds) Proceedings of the 4th (2001) ISOPE Ocean Mining Symposium. International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers. California, pp 38–43Google Scholar
  37. Rex MA (1981) Community structure in the deep-sea benthos. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 12:331–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Rex MA, Stuart CT, Hessler RR, Allen JA, Sanders HL Wilson DF (1993) Global-scale latitudinal patterns of species diversity in the deep-sea benthos. Nature 365:636–639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rose A, Seifried S, Willen E, George KH, Veit-Köhler G, Bröhldick K, Drewes J, Moura G, Martínez Arbizu, Schminke HK (2005) A method for comparing within-core alpha diversity values from repeated multicorer samplings, shown for abyssal Harpacticoida (Crustacea: Copepoda) from the Angola Basin. Org Divers Evol 5:3–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sakamoto T, Ikehara M, Aoki K, Iijima K, Kimura N, Nakatsuka T, Wakatsuchi M (2005) Ice-rafted debris (IRD)-based sea-ice expansion events during the past 100 kyrs in the Okhotsk Sea. Deep Sea Res II 52:2275–2301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Seifried S (2004) The importance of a phylogenetic system for the study of deep-sea harpacticoid diversity. Zool Stud 43:435–445Google Scholar
  42. Seifried S, Schminke HK (2003) Phylogenetic relationships at the base of Oligoarthra (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) with a new species as the cornerstone. Org Divers Evol 3:13–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Shimanaga M, Kitazato H, Shirayama Y (2004) Temporal patterns in diversity and species composition of deep-sea benthic copepods in bathyal Sagami Bay, central Japan. Mar Biol 144:1097–1110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sokal RR, Rohlf FJ (1995) Biometry, 3rd edn. W. H. Freeman and Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  45. Soltwedel T (2000) Metazoan meiobenthos along continental margins: a review. Prog Oceanogr 46:59–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Ter Braak CJF, Prentice IC (1988) A theory of gradient analysis. Adv Ecol Res 18:271–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Thistle D (1978) Harpacticoid dispersion patterns: implications for deep-sea diversity maintenance. J Mar Res 36:377–397Google Scholar
  48. Thistle D (1979) Harpacticoid copepods and biogenic structures: implications for deep-sea diversity maintenance. In: Livingston RJ (ed) Ecological processes in coastal and marine systems. Plenum, New York, pp 217–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wells JBJ (1976) Keys to aid in the identification of marine Harpacticoid Copepods. The Aberdeen University Press, AberdeenGoogle Scholar
  50. Wells JBJ (1978–1985) Keys to aid in the identification of marine Harpacticoid Copepods. Amendment Bulletins 1–5 Zool Publ Victoria Univ WellingtonGoogle Scholar
  51. Zar JH (1999) Biostatistical analysis, 4th edn. Prentice-Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aitsu Marine Station, Center for Marine Environment StudiesKumamoto UniversityKumamotoJapan
  2. 2.Institute for Research on Earth Evolution (IFREE)Japan Agency for Marine–Earth Science and TechnologyYokosukaJapan

Personalised recommendations