Marine Biology

, Volume 152, Issue 4, pp 1003–1007 | Cite as

Characterization of a low-sulfated chondroitin sulfate isolated from the hemolymph of the freshwater snail Planorbarius corneus

  • Nicola VolpiEmail author
  • Francesca Maccari
Research Article


Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) from the hemolymph of the freshwater snail Planorbarius corneus were recovered at about 0.9 μg/mL, being composed of a unique species characterized as chondroitin sulfate (CS) with a molecular mass of approximately 31,000 and having glucuronic acid as hexuronic acid. This macromolecule was determined to be composed of a low-sulfated polysaccharide made up of approximately 25% of the nonsulfated disaccharide, 17% of the 6-sulfated disaccharide, and about 58% of the 4-sulfated disaccharide, with a charge density value of 0.75 and a 4-sulfated/6-sulfated ratio of approximately 3.4. The data obtained suggest that the CS recovered in the Planorbarius corneus hemolymph is similar to the main human plasma polysaccharide and it may be generated as a main product of the catabolic processes.


Hyaluronic Acid Chondroitin Sulfate Dermatan Sulfate Hexuronic Acid Iduronic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Chondroitin sulfate


Dermatan sulfate




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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Biologia AnimaleUniversity of Modena and Reggio EmiliaModenaItaly

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