Marine Biology

, Volume 152, Issue 2, pp 415–428 | Cite as

Influence of diatoms on copepod reproduction. III. Consequences of abnormal oocyte maturation on reproductive factors in Calanus helgolandicus

  • S. A. PouletEmail author
  • A. Cueff
  • T. Wichard
  • J. Marchetti
  • C. Dancie
  • G. Pohnert
Research Article


Observations of gonads and oocyte development stages (OS) have been achieved in Calanus helgolandicus females fed different algal diets and starved in filtered sea water under laboratory conditions during 8 days. The effects of 20 diets on egg production rates (EPR), hatching success (HS) and proportion of abnormal larvae (AL, development stages N1-2) were examined. With the control diet Prorocentrum minimum EPR and HS values were high, while AL was very low, coinciding with intact cell structures in oogonia (OO) and normal OS (OS1-OS4). With the other diets, oocyte maturation, EPR, HS and AL patterns were partially or totally impaired. Decrease of EPR coincided with the arrest of OS3 maturation and oocyte degradations, characterised by cell fragmentation, presence of apoptotic bodies in the OS3, degradation of cytoplasm in OS3 and OS4 and consequently the arrest of OS4 formation. These degradations were reversible when females were fed a favourable diet. Results reflect the presence of two distinct inhibitory mechanisms. Inhibition mechanism (1) impairs egg production. It was induced by starvation or by several species belonging to Bacillariophyceae (Chaetoceros calcitrans, Guinardia delicatula, Guinardiastriata, Odontella regia, Rhizosolenia setigera, Stephanopyxis turris, Thalassiosira pseudonana) and mixed-diatom assemblages (collected in the field) and to the prymnesiophyte Pavlova lutherii. Remarkably other diatoms like Navicula sp., Nitzschia sp., Skeletonema costatum and Thalassiosira rotula did not induce mechanism (1) Inhibitory mechanism (2) affected exclusively HS and AL and was triggered by species independent of the production of polyunsaturated aldehydes (PUA), which are supposed to have adverse impacts on HS and larval development.


Oocyte Maturation Hatching Success Reproductive Factor Prorocentrum Minimum Diatom Diet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This article is dedicated to the late Alain Maron and to Jean-Michel Roualec, who are gratefully acknowledged for their great professional assistance and reliability for collecting water and zooplankton samples at sea during so many years. This work was partly funded by CNRS and the French program “Biodiversité et Changement Global”. We deeply acknowledge Marc Blondel for sharing his Olympus microscope.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Poulet
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Cueff
    • 1
  • T. Wichard
    • 2
    • 3
  • J. Marchetti
    • 1
  • C. Dancie
    • 1
  • G. Pohnert
    • 3
  1. 1.Station Biologique de RoscoffCNRS, INSU, UPMC Paris VIRoscoffFrance
  2. 2.Max Planck Institute for Chemical EcologyJenaGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Bioorganic AnalyticsJenaGermany

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