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Marine Biology

, Volume 151, Issue 4, pp 1479–1490 | Cite as

Negative interactions between two SW Atlantic intertidal crabs in soft-bottom habitats

  • Paulina Martinetto
  • Macarena Valiñas
  • Gabriela Palomo
  • Oscar Iribarne
Research Article

Abstract

The intertidal crabs Chasmagnathus granulatus and Cyrtograpsus angulatus coexist across the SW Atlantic intertidal. Previous studies in this region suggest that C. granulatus displace C. angulatus in soft sediment, where C. granulatus build burrows (“burrowing beds”). We examined variation in abundance, size-frequency distribution, sex ratio, incidence of autotomies, and diet of both species in C. granulatus crab beds and adjacent areas without burrows. We also experimentally tested the hypothesis that in the absence of C. granulatus, C. angulatus will build burrows. Only large sized individuals of C. angulatus venture into C. granulatus crab beds. The sex ratio of C. angulatus was always biased towards females, with higher bias outside crab beds (1:8 outside, 1:2 inside). Although the items consumed in the crab beds did not differ from those consumed outside, the males of C. angulatus had a higher frequency of empty stomachs in crab beds. The incidence of limb autotomies of C. angulatus was higher outside C. granulatus crab bed areas. After a long rainy period in which C. granulatus was absent from these areas, the pattern of habitat use of C. angulatus changed. During this period C. angulatus showed higher abundance in the areas, where C. granulatus previously constructed burrows, and there were no differences between areas in any of the measured parameters. In the absence of C. granulatus, C. angulatus built their own burrows and never used C. granulatus burrows. The interaction between C. granulatus and C. angulatus may be a good example of competitive exclusion, when the shared resource is the access to surface soft-sediment.

Keywords

Polychaete Intertidal Zone Empty Stomach Size Frequency Distribution Burrow Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Verónica García, Mauricio Escapa, Nora Peskin, Mirta Teichberg, and Jorge Gutiérrez for field assistance, and Joanna York and two anonymous reviewers for their comments on a first draft. This work was supported by grants from: Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (EXA 268/03), Fundación Antorchas (A-13900-13), CONICET (PIP 0686), Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (PICT N 1-13527.) to O. Iribarne. PM and MV were supported by fellowships from CONICET; this is part of PM’s doctoral thesis. The experiment performed in this study complies with the current laws of Argentina.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paulina Martinetto
    • 1
    • 2
  • Macarena Valiñas
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gabriela Palomo
    • 2
    • 3
  • Oscar Iribarne
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Lab. de Ecología, Dpto. de Biología (FCEyN)Universidad Nacional de Mar del PlataMar del PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)Buenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia”Buenos AiresArgentina

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