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Marine Biology

, Volume 151, Issue 4, pp 1275–1286 | Cite as

Population structure and historical demography of the thorny skate (Amblyraja radiata, Rajidae) in the North Atlantic

  • Malia Chevolot
  • Peter H. J. Wolfs
  • Jónbjörn Pálsson
  • Adriaan D. Rijnsdorp
  • Wytze T. Stam
  • Jeanine L. Olsen
Research Article

Abstract

Population genetic structure of the thorny skate (Amblyraja radiata) was surveyed in >300 individuals sampled from Newfoundland, Iceland, Norway, the Kattegat and the central North Sea. A 290-bp fragment of the mt cytochrome-b gene was first screened by SSCP. Sequences of SSCP haplotypes revealed 34 haplotypes, 14 of which were unique to Iceland, 3 to Newfoundland, 1 to Norway and 3 to the Kattegat. The global FST was weak but significant. Removal of the two Kattegat locations, which were the most differentiated, resulted in no significant genetic differentiation. Haplotype diversity was high and evenly distributed across the entire Atlantic (h = 0.8) with the exception of the North Sea (h = 0.48). Statistical parsimony revealed a star-like genealogy with a central widespread haplotype. A subsequent nested clade analysis led to the inference of contiguous expansion with evidence for long distance dispersal between Newfoundland and Iceland. Historical demographic analysis showed that thorny skates have undergone exponential population expansion that started between 1.1 million and 690,000 years ago; and that the Last Glacial Maximum apparently had little effect. These results strongly differ from those of a parallel study of the thornback ray (Raja clavata) in which clear structure and former refugial areas could be identified. Although both species have similar life history traits and overlapping ranges, the continental shelf edge apparently does not present a barrier to migration in A. radiata, as it does for R. clavata.

Keywords

Amblyraja radiata Thorny skate Rajidae Elasmobranchs Cytochrome b Mitochondrial DNA Population structure Iceland Atlantic 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Henk Heessen from the RIVO (IBTS survey, The Netherlands), David W. Kulka, Todd Inkpen and Joe Firth from the Department of Fisheries and Oceans of the Canadian government (DFO, Fall survey), and crew members from the different research vessels for their help in the sampling; and J.A. Coyer and G. Hoarau for their useful comments on previous versions of this manuscript. This research was supported by NWO-PRIORITEIT programma SUSUSE, Project Nr. 885-10-311.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malia Chevolot
    • 1
  • Peter H. J. Wolfs
    • 1
  • Jónbjörn Pálsson
    • 2
  • Adriaan D. Rijnsdorp
    • 3
  • Wytze T. Stam
    • 1
  • Jeanine L. Olsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine Benthic Ecology and Evolution, Center for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, Biological CentreUniversity of Groningen9750 AA HarenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Marine Research Institute121 ReykjavikIceland
  3. 3.Wageningen Institute for Marine Research and Ecological Studies (IMARES), Animal Sciences Group1970 AB IJmuidenThe Netherlands

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