Marine Biology

, Volume 151, Issue 1, pp 205–217 | Cite as

Reproductive biology of Cosmasterias lurida (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) an anthropogenically influenced substratum from Golfo Nuevo, Northern Patagonia (Argentina)

  • Catalina T. Pastor-de-WardEmail author
  • Tamara Rubilar
  • María E. Díaz-de-Vivar
  • Ximena Gonzalez-Pisani
  • Erica Zarate
  • Marina Kroeck
  • Enrique Morsan
Research Article


The starfish Cosmasterias lurida was sampled from the pier piles of Almirante Storni in the Golfo Nuevo, northern Patagonia, from November 2001 to November 2003. In this anthropogenically modified site there is an unusually abundant food supply of mussels and large aggregations of starfishes. The reproductive cycle was studied by organ indices and histological examination of gonads. The highest gonad index (GI) values were found in the summer (February–March), followed by a drop in GI values, indicating spawning. Histological analyses indicated that gametogenesis takes place from June to January, sexual maturity occurred during the summer and spawning occurred in April. The GI and pyloric caeca index (PCI) tended to have an inverse relationship, but this was only statistically significant in males. However, biochemical analyses of the starfish indicated no transfer of nutrients between pyloric caeca and gonads in either sex. In fact, simultaneous accumulation of carbohydrates was found in the pyloric caeca and gonads of both sexes.


Sexual Maturity Reproductive Cycle Body Wall Seawater Temperature Soluble Protein Content 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The research presented in this paper was performed as part of the Project N°449 “Reproductive Cycle of Asteroidea in Golfo Nuevo”, Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia “San Juan Bosco”. We gratefully acknowledge referees for comments on the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catalina T. Pastor-de-Ward
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tamara Rubilar
    • 1
  • María E. Díaz-de-Vivar
    • 2
  • Ximena Gonzalez-Pisani
    • 1
  • Erica Zarate
    • 2
  • Marina Kroeck
    • 3
  • Enrique Morsan
    • 3
  1. 1.Centro Nacional PatagónicoCONICETPuerto MadrynArgentina
  2. 2.Faculty de Ciencias NaturalesUniversidad Nacional de la Patagonia “San Juan Bosco”Puerto MadrynArgentina
  3. 3.Instituto de Biología Marina y Pesquera “Almirante Storni”Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Dirección de Pesca de Rio NegroNeuquénArgentina

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