Marine Biology

, Volume 151, Issue 1, pp 109–118 | Cite as

Effects of restoration management on the estuarine isopod Cyathura carinata: mediation by trematodes and habitat change

  • S. M. FerreiraEmail author
  • A. Brandão
  • A. Baeta
  • J. M. Neto
  • A. I. Lillebø
  • K. T. Jensen
  • M. A. Pardal
Research Article


A restoration programme was introduced in the Mondego Estuary (Portugal) to recover seagrass beds of Zostera noltii endangered by eutrophication. A long-term survey of 10 years was used to assess the development of the processes involved, focusing one of the key species (Cyathura carinata, Isopoda). The mitigation measures implemented since 1998 (nutrient loading reduction, freshwater circulation improvement and seagrass bed protection) enhanced water quality and seagrass recovery, thus preventing the development of macroalgal blooms. C. carinata was resilient to the occurrence of floods and macroalgal blooms, although both events caused dispersion of individuals. This isopod was not much influenced by the changes occurring in the estuary, showing an unalterable population structure during the entire study period. After 1998, its density and biomass became more stable at an inner unvegetated sand flat area, where this isopod was most abundant; its population slightly increased in a bare mud flat at the middle section of the estuary; but it could not establish successfully in a downstream Z. noltii bed, contrarily to other common estuarine species. Apart from other unknown reasons, the disrupted balanced between trematodes and their hosts, caused by the eutrophication processes, may have an important role in the discontinuity of C. carinata at the Z. noltii bed. If the intertidal areas become fully restored to the original seagrass coverage, high prevalence and intensity trematodes may prevent this isopod and other crustaceans from recovering within the intervened areas, by enhancing host mortality and recruitment failure. In order to avoid this kind of situation, it may be necessary to survey the levels of parasite infestation within the target hosts and safeguard areas where crustaceans present healthy populations.


Growth Production Dissolve Inorganic Nitrogen Dissolve Inorganic Phosphorus Intermediate Area Green Macroalgae 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This paper was supported by the FCT (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) through a grant conceded to S.M. Ferreira (SFRH/BD/5392/2001). The authors are also grateful to all colleagues from IMAR-Coimbra for their collaboration and to the anonymous reviewers that contributed to improve this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Ferreira
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Brandão
    • 1
  • A. Baeta
    • 1
  • J. M. Neto
    • 1
  • A. I. Lillebø
    • 1
  • K. T. Jensen
    • 2
  • M. A. Pardal
    • 1
  1. 1.IMAR – Institute of Marine Research, Department of ZoologyUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Marine Ecology, Institute of Biological SciencesUniversity of AarhusAarhus NDenmark

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