Marine Biology

, Volume 151, Issue 1, pp 31–39 | Cite as

Comparative analysis on the genetic population structures of the deep-sea whelks Buccinum tsubai and Neptunea constricta in the Sea of Japan

  • Akira IguchiEmail author
  • Shinpei Takai
  • Masahiro Ueno
  • Tsuneo Maeda
  • Takashi Minami
  • Isao Hayashi
Research Article


The population structures of Buccinum tsubai and Neptunea constricta were compared using partial sequences of the mitochondrial COI gene. B. tsubai included four genetically distinguishable subpopulations (Hokkaido, Yamagata-Toyama, Yamato Bank, and San’in), which is consistent with the results of our previous study using mitochondrial 16SrRNA sequences. The genetic structure of N. constricta was also clear, but the lineage sorting corresponding to the geographical distribution was not as clear as that of B. tsubai. The difference between the genetic structures of these two species might be due to a difference in either their dispersal abilities or the historic distribution patterns in the Sea of Japan. The fossil record and nested clade analyses support the latter alternative. The four subpopulations of B. tsubai are estimated to have diverged 0.42–1.46 million years ago, providing support for the existence of intermediate water of normal salinity and oxygen concentration capable of sustaining B. tsubai between the low-salinity surface water and anoxic deep water during the Pleistocene glacial periods. The genetic diversity of the Yamato Bank subpopulation of B. tsubai was lower than that of the other subpopulations, which is likely attributable to the small size of the Yamato Bank subpopulation.


Genetic Population Structure Intermediate Water Submarine Canyon Nest Clade Mismatch Distribution Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank many collaborators for collection of samples. We are grateful to K. Amano, D. de Jong, and D. Miller for their advice. Comments received by editor and anonymous reviewers were extremely helpful in improving the original submission.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akira Iguchi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shinpei Takai
    • 1
  • Masahiro Ueno
    • 2
  • Tsuneo Maeda
    • 3
  • Takashi Minami
    • 4
  • Isao Hayashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of AgricultureKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Field Science Education and Research CenterKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  3. 3.Toyama Prefecture Fisheries Research InstituteToyamaJapan
  4. 4.Japan Sea National Fisheries Research InstituteNiigataJapan

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