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Marine Biology

, Volume 150, Issue 2, pp 245–252 | Cite as

The influence of fresh weight and water temperature on metabolic rates and the energy budget of Meretrix meretrix Linnaeus

  • Shuhong Zhuang
  • Xuemei Liu
Research Article

Abstract

Meretrix meretrix L. was held in the laboratory under simulated natural conditions to measure specific physiological parameters of its energy budget. O2 consumption rate, NH3 excretion rate (NR), ingestion rate, faeces excretion rate and scope for growth (SFG) were negatively related in an exponential manner to the fresh weight of the clams at all water temperatures, while almost all metabolic rates of the clams were positively related in an exponential or e-exponential manner with water temperature. However, the co-relationship between metabolic rates and water temperature was not as close as that between metabolic rates and fresh weight of the clam. The combined effect of fresh weight and water temperature was observed on all metabolic rates except for NR and SFG. At all culture temperatures and for all fresh weights of clams used, respiration took the largest percentage of ingested energy (41.5–51.2%), faeces excretion was second (31.0–42.3%), growth third (12.1–15.5%) and urine production last (2.1–5.6%).

Keywords

Bivalve Particulate Organic Matter Energy Budget Shell Length Outlet Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank the technical engineers of the Changdao Department of Marine and Aquatic Production for their assistance and support in building the culture system and are grateful to Dr. Neil Bourne, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, B.C. Canada, for revising the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological Science and Chemical EngineeringYantai UniversiyYantaiChina

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