Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 249–261 | Cite as

Hydrophobic cellulose ester as a sustainable material for simple and efficient water purification processes from fatty oils contamination

  • Luca Lavagna
  • Roberto NisticòEmail author
  • Simone Musso
  • Matteo Pavese


In this study, cellulose fibers were chemically functionalized under mild conditions by introducing palmitate groups in order to produce a hydrophobic cellulose-based ester. The effectiveness and the degree of functionalization were evaluated by FTIR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis, whereas the structural integrity was confirmed by XRD measurements. The prepared materials were tested in water remediation processes from fatty oils mixtures from both animal (cod liver oil) and vegetable (sunflower oil) sources. Experimental kinetic measurements, rationalized by means of the most common models, show that the best performances were reached toward the sunflower oil, hence proving the promising application of such green materials as a sustainable alternative tool for oil–water remediation processes.



Polytechnic of Torino is gratefully acknowledged for funding project Starting Grant RTD (Project No. 54_RSG17NIR01).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Science and Technology DISATPolytechnic of TorinoTurinItaly
  2. 2.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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