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Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 52, Issue 6, pp 1685–1699 | Cite as

Chemical composition of lipophilic extractives from six Eucalyptus barks

  • Joana P. A. Ferreira
  • Isabel Miranda
  • Helena Pereira
Original
  • 114 Downloads

Abstract

Barks show a large diversity in chemical composition and are generally characterized by a substantial content of extractives. Today, these components are viewed with a renewed interest as valuable source of chemicals and bioactive compounds. The barks of six eucalypt species, Eucalyptus botryoides, E. camaldulensis, E. maculata, E. rudis, E. sideroxylon and E. viminalis, were studied in relation to their lipophilic extractives that represented between 0.1% (E. rudis) and 1.8% (E. viminalis) of the oven-dry bark. It is the first time that a detailed chemical composition is given for the lipophilic extracts from the barks of these eucalypt species. They showed a high content in triterpenes (between 3623.1 and 13,616.5 mg/kg of bark), especially triterpenic acids such as betulinic, ursolic, oleanolic and arjunolic acids. Sterols were also identified in considerable amounts (174.0–1736.7 mg/kg of bark). β-Sitosterol was the major sterol, with 1350.1 mg/kg of bark in E. maculata. Fatty acids C16–C28 existed in smaller amounts. A saponification treatment (MeOH/KOH) showed that fatty acids, sterols and triterpenes existed in both esterified and non-esterified forms. The presence of triterpenes represents a potential added value for the valorization of bark residues by production of bioactive or high-value compounds.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was partly supported by the project EucPlus—New processes and uses for eucalypt woods (PTDC/AGR-CFL/119752/2010) and is part of the activities at the Strategic Project (UID/AGR/00239/2013) of Centro de Estudos Florestais, a research unit supported by the national funding of FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia. We thank Leandro Lima for the determination of extractives content, Joaquina Silva for her help in the chemical laboratory and Sofia Knapic for the supply of the eucalypt bark samples.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidade de Lisboa Instituto Superior de AgronomiaLisbonPortugal

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