Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 236, Issue 4, pp 963–972 | Cite as

Influence of dual-task constraints on the interaction between posture and movement during a lower limb pointing task

  • Marcelo Guimarães Silva
  • Lucas Struber
  • José Geraldo T. Brandão
  • Olivier Daniel
  • Vincent Nougier
Research Article
  • 124 Downloads

Abstract

One of the challenges regarding human motor control is making the movement fluid and at a limited cognitive cost. The coordination between posture and movement is a necessary requirement to perform daily life tasks. The present experiment investigated this interaction in 20 adult men, aged 18–30 years. The cognitive costs associated to postural and movement control when kicking towards a target was estimated using a dual-task paradigm (secondary auditory task). Results showed that addition of the attentional demanding cognitive task yielded a decreased kicking accuracy and an increased timing to perform the movement, mainly during the backswing motion. In addition, significant differences between conditions were found for COP and COM displacement (increased amplitude, mean speed) on the anteroposterior axis. However, no significant differences between conditions were found on the mediolateral axis. Finally, EMG analysis showed that dual-task condition modified the way anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) were generated. More specifically, we observed an increase of the peroneus longus activity, whereas the temporal EMG showed a decrease of its latency with respect to movement onset. These results suggested a functional adaptation resulting in an invariance of overall APAs, emphasizing that cognitive, postural, and motor processes worked dependently.

Keywords

Posture–movement interactions Dual-task performance Anticipatory postural adjustments 

Notes

Acknowledgements

CAPES scholar-Process number BEX 14828/13-8. The authors would like to thank the contribution of Guillaume Chauvel, which was greatly appreciated. The authors also would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for helpful comments and suggestions.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Marcelo Guimarães Silva, Lucas Struber, José Geraldo Trani Brandão, Olivier Daniel and Vincent Nougier have no financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence or bias their work in this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CAPES FoundationMinistry of Education of BrazilBrasiliaBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Biomecânica, Departamento Mecânica, Campus GuaratinguetáUNESP-Univ Estadual PaulistaGuaratinguetáBrazil
  3. 3.Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CHU Grenoble Alpes, TIMC-IMAGGrenobleFrance

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