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European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 245, Issue 10, pp 2157–2171 | Cite as

Irrigation effects on the volatile composition and sensory profile of Albariño wines from two different terroirs

  • José M. Mirás-AvalosEmail author
  • Yolanda Bouzas-Cid
  • Emiliano Trigo-Córdoba
  • Ignacio Orriols
  • Elena Falqué
Original Paper
  • 98 Downloads

Abstract

Volatile composition plays a fundamental role in wine aroma and quality. However, the concentrations of volatiles depend on climate conditions and agricultural practices, such as irrigation. The aim of the current study was to assess the effects of irrigation on the volatile composition and sensory characteristics of wines from Vitis vinifera (L.) cultivar ‘Albariño’ in two zones of NW Spain (Rías Baixas and Ribeiro) during three consecutive years (2012, 2013, and 2014). Irrigation was scheduled by the vine grower in Rías Baixas, whereas it was fixed at 50% of the estimated crop evapotranspiration in Ribeiro. Water was applied in August, mainly, in Rías Baixas and from mid-July to mid-August in Ribeiro. Irrigation significantly altered the concentrations of several volatiles, which differed between zones and years. For instance, wines from the irrigated treatment had lower concentrations of isoamyl acetate, 2-phenylethyl acetate, and ethyl hexanoate than those from the rain-fed treatment in Rías Baixas. In contrast, irrigation increased the concentrations of ethyl hexanoate and ethyl octanoate, while reduced those of free terpenes in wines from Ribeiro. Mainly, these differences between zones were caused by the climate conditions of each region.

Keywords

Aroma Climate change Irrigation Sensory profile White wine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA) [Grant number RTA2011-00041-C02-01], with 80% FEDER funds. Y. Bouzas-Cid and E. Trigo-Córdoba thank INIA for their PhD. scholarships. J.M. Mirás-Avalos thanks Xunta de Galicia for his “Isidro Parga Pondal” contract.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare no conflict of interest.

Compliance with ethical requirements

This article does not contain any studies with animal or human subjects.

Supplementary material

217_2019_3325_MOESM1_ESM.doc (120 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 119 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Estación de Viticultura e Enoloxía de Galicia (EVEGA-AGACAL)OurenseSpain
  2. 2.Depto. Química Analítica. Facultad de Ciencias, Universidade de Vigo. As Lagoas s/nOurenseSpain
  3. 3.Servizo de Prevención e Análise de Riscos. Dirección Xeral de Innovación e Industrias Agrarias e ForestaisSantiago de CompostelaSpain

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