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Comparison of different aroma-active compounds of Sichuan Dark brick tea (Camellia sinensis) and Sichuan Fuzhuan brick tea using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) and aroma descriptive profile tests

  • Cong-ning Nie
  • Xiao-xue Zhong
  • Li He
  • Yuan Gao
  • Xiang Zhang
  • Cong-ming Wang
  • Xiao DuEmail author
Original Paper
  • 69 Downloads

Abstract

Sichuan dark brick tea (Camellia sinensis) and Sichuan Fuzhuan brick tea have significantly different aroma characteristics although both of them have almost the same processing methods. Thus, these two types of tea were used as the research materials to determine the differences in their aroma compounds. The volatile compounds in the two types of tea were identified and quantified by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (HS-SPME–GC–MS), results showed that they both had 37 common volatile compounds. Then the aroma-active components were identified by odour activity value (OAV). It was found that SFBT had 20 aroma-active components, of which β-ionone had the largest OAV (199547.72). SDBT has 21 aroma-active ingredients (including all 20 aroma-active components of SFBT), of which β-ionone again has the largest OAV (114800.66). Finally, the aroma profile differences between the two tea samples were studied by aroma profile tests, and the results showed that the main aroma differences of SDBT and SFBT were caused by β-ionone, epoxydihydrolinalool II, methyl salicylate, geranylacetone, nerolidol, benzaldehyde, benzyl acetate, nonanal, trans,trans-2,4-heptadienal and 1-octen-3-ol, in addition, defined SFBT’s ‘fungi flower aroma’ and SDBT’s ‘aged fragrance’ from the level of aroma monomer.

Keywords

Dark tea Aroma-active compounds Odour activity value Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry 

Abbreviations

OAV

Odour activity value

GC–MS

Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry

SDBT

Sichuan Dark brick tea

SFBT

Sichuan Fuzhuan brick tea

HS-SPME

Headspace solid-phase microextraction

OT

Odour threshold

PCA

Principal component analysis

Notes

Acknowledgements

First, I would like to thank my wife Li Hui for her encouragement and assistance during my writing. Second, I would like to thank Professor Xu Jing-yi and Lecturer Zhou Yao for their valuable opinions which were put forward in the manuscript, in addition, I would like to thank Master Zhou Li-he and Master Luo Wei-chen for their selfless help in language.

Author contributions

CN was responsible for the sorting of the experimental data and proofreading and wrote the manuscript. XZ was responsible for the design, implementation of the tests and collection of raw data. LH revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content. YG, XZ, CW were responsible for some experiments. XD provided design ideas, ensured the smooth progress of the tests and revised the outline and the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest in this manuscript, which has been approved by all authors for publication. On behalf of my co-authors, I declare that this study is an unpublished original study and that it is not considered to be published in whole or in part elsewhere. All the authors listed approved the declaration.

Compliance with ethics requirements

The study was approved by the local ethics committee in China.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cong-ning Nie
    • 1
  • Xiao-xue Zhong
    • 2
  • Li He
    • 1
  • Yuan Gao
    • 1
  • Xiang Zhang
    • 1
  • Cong-ming Wang
    • 1
  • Xiao Du
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Sichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Yibin Vocational and Technical CollegeYibinChina

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