In this study, some quality parameters (dry matter, mean weight, soluble solids, titratable acidity, sugars, organic acids), the levels of bioactive compounds (vitamin C and E, carotenoids, polyphenolics) as well as those of volatiles have been determined during two successive years in two black table grape cultivars, ‘Muscat de Hambourg’ and ‘Alphonse Lavallée’, stored up to 4 weeks at 1 °C. The descriptive sensory analyses of the samples by a trained panel were also performed. During storage, most of quality parameters (dry matter, mean berries weight, soluble solids content, titratable acidity, sucrose, fructose, and organic acids) were not affected by storage in both cultivars, while the levels of glucose significantly decreased. Regarding bioactive compounds, the levels of carotenoids, tocopherols, and polyphenolics remained almost unchanged, whereas those of vitamin C decreased. Although the levels of linalool drastically decreased with storage in Muscat samples, the trained sensory panel observed no significant difference for the descriptor “aroma intensity”. All these results show that the overall quality (organoleptic, sensory, nutritive and functional) of the two traditional French cultivars, ‘Muscat de Hambourg’ and ‘Alphonse Lavallée’, is globally maintained for up to 4 weeks under standard commercial storage conditions.
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We gratefully acknowledge Catherine Reynaud, Vincent Lesniak (Domaine Experimental La Tapy) and Michel Jost (Ctifl) for their technical assistance and Nelly Ottens (Ctifl) for her assistance with English.
This study was partially funded by the CASDAR funds (no 53107) of French Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries (project INNORAISIN).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Compliance with ethics requirements
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.
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