Photoclick chemistry to create dextran-based nucleic acid microarrays
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In the literature, there are reports of the utilization of various hydrogels to create generic platforms for protein microarray applications. Here, a novel strategy was developed to obtain high-performance microarrays. In it, a dextran hydrogel is used to covalently immobilize oligonucleotides and proteins. This method employs aqueous solutions of dextran methacrylate (Dx-MA), which is a biocompatible photopolymerizable monomer. Capture probes are immobilized inside the hydrogel via a light-induced thiol–acrylate coupling reaction at the same time as the dextran polymer is formed. Hydrogel microarrays based on this technique were prepared on different surfaces, such as a Blu-ray Disk and polycarbonate or alkene-functionalized glass slides, and these systems showed high probe-loading capabilities and good biorecognition yields. This methodology presents advantages such as a low cost, a short analysis time, a low limit of detection, and multiplexing capabilities, among others. Confocal fluorescence microscopy analysis demonstrated that in these hydrogel-based microarrays, receptor immobilization and the biorecognition event occurred within the hydrogel and not merely on the surface.
KeywordsFluorescence microarray Hydrogel Dextran Thiol–acrylate click chemistry Nucleic acids
Funding from MINECO through the project BIHOLOG CTQ/2016/75749-R is acknowledged.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest. All the authors contributed equally to the paper.
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