Development of a new fluorescent probe for cysteine detection in processed food samples
Cysteine is a crucial amino acid, found in a huge amount in protein-rich foods. We focused our research to determine the amount of free cysteine consumed highly in foods such as pork, beef, poultry, eggs, dairy, red peppers, soybeans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, oats, and wheat germs. A newly designed carbazole-pyridine-based fluorescent probe (CPI) has been introduced for quantitative estimation of cysteine (Cys) with a “turn on” fluorescence in some popular processed food samples chosen from our daily diet. CPI shows both naked eye and UV-visible color changes upon interaction with cysteine. The binding approach between CPI and Cys at biological pH has been thoroughly explored by UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopy. From Job’s plot analysis, 1:1 stoichiometric reaction between CPI and Cys is observed with a detection limit of 3.8 μM. NMR, ESI mass spectrometry, and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) study enlightens the formation of more stable product CPI-Cys. The “turn on” response of the probe CPI occurs due to the interruption of intra-molecular charge transfer (ICT) process upon reacting with cysteine. Moreover, CPI is a very stable, cost-effective compound and exhibits excellent real-time selectivity towards Cys over all other comparative biorelevant analytes. Interestingly, our proposed method is much advantageous as it is able to estimate cysteine predominantly by screening out other comparative biocomponents found in different protein-rich foods.
KeywordsCysteine Processed foods Fluorescent chemosensor Detection and quantification DFT
Prithidipa Sahoo acknowledges SERB-DST [Project file no. SB/FT/CS-021/2014], Govt. of India, for awarding her the young scientist grant. Sujoy Das thanks CSIR, India, for research fellowship. We all thank Mr. Kollol Mukherjee, School of Chemistry, University of Hyderabad, India, for his help for doing HRMS.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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