Simultaneous detection of fumonisin B1 and ochratoxin A using dual-color, time-resolved luminescent nanoparticles (NaYF4: Ce, Tb and NH2-Eu/DPA@SiO2) as labels
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A rapid and highly sensitive time-resolved fluorescence (TRF)-based aptasensor for simultaneous recognition of mycotoxins ochratoxin A (OTA) and fumonisin B1 (FB1) was developed using multi-color, Ln3+-doped time-resolved fluorescence nanoparticles (TRF-NPs) (NaYF4: Ce, Tb and NH2-Eu/DPA@SiO2 NPs) coupled with complementary strand DNA (cDNA) as luminescence probe and aptamers-conjugated amine-functionalized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) act as a capture probe. Under the optimized conditions, the time-resolved fluorescence intensities at 544 and 618 nm corresponded with Tb3+ and Eu3+, respectively, were used to measure FB1 (Y = 19,177.1 + (− 12,054.4)x, R2 = 0.9917) and OTA (Y = 4138.8 + (− 11,182.6)x, R2 = 0.9924), respectively. The limits of detection (LODs) for FB1 and OTA were 0.019 pg mL−1 and 0.015 pg mL−1, respectively, which were much lower than previously described methods for simultaneous recognition of mycotoxins OTA and FB1 while detection range varied from 0.0001–0.5 ng mL−1. This aptasensor was effectively applied to quantity FB1 and OTA in maize samples and results were compared with ELISA method. This is the first reported time-resolved fluorescence (TRF)-based aptasensor to detect two agriculturally important toxins in the maize. The developed aptasensor has potential to be used for detection of toxins in food safety fields.
KeywordsTime-resolved fluorescence nanoparticles Aptamer Mycotoxins Simultaneous detection
This work was partly funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31871881), Jiangsu Agriculture Science and Technology Innovation Fund (JASTIF) (CX(18)2025), S&T Support Program of Jiangsu Province (BE2017623), the National First-class Discipline Program of Food Science and Technology (JUFSTR20180303), JUSRP51714B, and the Distinguished Professor Program of Jiangsu Province.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict/competing interest and manuscript is approved by all authors for publication.
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