Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 411, Issue 7, pp 1375–1381 | Cite as

Silver nanoflowers-enhanced Tb(III)/La(III) co-luminescence for the sensitive detection of dopamine

  • Chongmei Sun
  • Jin Shen
  • Rongwei Cui
  • Fangzheng Yuan
  • Hui Zhang
  • Xia WuEmail author
Research Paper


A sensitive fluorescent analytical method for the detection of dopamine (DA) was developed based on surface-enhanced Tb(III)/La(III) co-luminescence using silver nanoflowers (AgNFs). Anisotropic AgNFs show strong surface-enhanced fluorescence effect owing to the abundant sharp tips. Tb(III)/La(III)-DA complexes mainly bind to the sharp tips of AgNFs and thus shorten the distance between the complexes. The shortened distance gives rise to obvious surface-enhanced Tb(III)/La(III) co-luminescence effect. In this work, AgNFs offer many superior properties, such as enhanced intrinsic green fluorescence of Tb(III) (λex/λem = 310/546 nm), increased fluorescence lifetime, and improved energy transfer efficiency. Under the optimum conditions, the fluorescence intensity is linearly correlated with the concentration of DA in the range of 0.80–10 nM (R2 = 0.9970), and the detection limit is 0.34 nM (S/N = 3). The fluorescent nanoprobe was successfully applied to the determination of DA in human serum samples with recoveries ranging from 99.1 to 102.6%.

Graphical abstract


Silver nanoflowers Anisotropic nanoparticles Surface-enhanced fluorescence Rare earth elements Co-luminescence Dopamine 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21545001) and Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation, China (No. ZR2018MB031). The authors gratefully acknoweledge Prof. Xiaowen Che from the Second Hospital of Shandong University for her help in this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The study was approved by the ethics committee of the Second Hospital of Shandong University and was performed in accordance with the ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Supplementary material

216_2018_1568_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (713 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 713 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chongmei Sun
    • 1
  • Jin Shen
    • 1
  • Rongwei Cui
    • 1
  • Fangzheng Yuan
    • 1
  • Hui Zhang
    • 1
  • Xia Wu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Colloid and Interface Chemistry (Shandong University), Ministry of EducationShandong UniversityJinanChina

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