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Isoespintanol, a monoterpene isolated from oxandra cf xylopioides, ameliorates the myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury by AKT/PKCε/eNOS-dependent pathways

  • Luisa F. González Arbeláez
  • Alejandro Ciocci Pardo
  • Juliana C Fantinelli
  • Benjamín Rojano
  • Guillermo R Schinella
  • Susana M MoscaEmail author
Original Article
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To determine the actions of isoespintanol (Isoesp) on post-ischemic myocardial and mitochondrial alterations.

Methods

Hearts removed from Wistar rats were perfused by 20 min. After this period, the coronary flow was interrupted by half an hour and re-established during 1 h. In the treated group, Isoesp was administered at the beginning of reperfusion. To assess the participation of ε isoform of protein kinase C (PKCε), protein kinase B (PKB/Akt), and nitric oxide synthase (NOS), hearts were treated with Isoesp plus the respective inhibitors (chelerythrine, wortmannin, and N-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester). Cell death was determined by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining technique. Post-ischemic recovery of contractility, oxidative stress, and content of phosphorylated forms of PKCε, Akt, and eNOS were also examined. Mitochondrial state was assessed through the measurement of calcium-mediated response, calcium retention capacity, and mitochondrial potential.

Results

Isoesp limited cell death, decreased post-ischemic dysfunction and oxidative stress, improved mitochondrial state, and increased the expression of PKCε, Akt, and eNOS phosphorylated. All these beneficial effects achieved by Isoesp were annulled by the inhibitors.

Conclusion

These findings suggest that activation of Akt/eNOS and PKCε signaling pathways are involved in the development of Isoesp-induced cardiac and mitochondria tolerance to ischemia-reperfusion.

Keywords

Isoespintanol Ischemia-reperfusion Infarct size Akt PKCε eNOS 

Abbreviations

Isoesp

Isoespintanol

NOS

Nitric oxide synthase

l-NAME

l-NG-Nitroarginine methyl ester

PKCε

Protein kinase C ε

Che

Chelerythrine

Akt

Protein kinase B

Wort

Wortmannin

DMSO

Dimethyl sulfoxide

CR

Coronary resistance

CPP

Coronary perfusion pressure

CF

Coronary flow

GSH

Reduced glutathione

TBARS

Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances

LSD

Light scattering decrease

CRC

Ca2+ retention capacity

ΔΨ

Mitochondrial membrane potential

mPTP

Mitochondrial permeability transition pore

TTC

Triphenyltetrazolium chloride

LVDP

Left ventricular developed pressure

+dP/dtmax

Maximal velocity of rise of left ventricular pressure

LVEDP

Left ventricular end diastolic pressure

GAPDH

Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase

ROS

Radical oxygen species

Notes

Author contributions

L.G.A. performed the western blots; A.C.P. performed the mitochondrial experiments; J.F. performed the isolated hearts experiments; B.J. isolated and provided the drug; G.Sch. contributed to the conception of the study; S.M. wrote the manuscript. All the authors contributed to the analysis and interpretation of data, critically reviewed, and approved the final draft.

Funding information

This work was supported by the Grant M-203 from the National University of La Plata, Argentina, to Dr. S. Mosca.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luisa F. González Arbeláez
    • 1
  • Alejandro Ciocci Pardo
    • 1
  • Juliana C Fantinelli
    • 1
  • Benjamín Rojano
    • 2
  • Guillermo R Schinella
    • 3
  • Susana M Mosca
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Centro de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares ¨Dr Horacio E. Cingolani¨, CCT-CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias MédicasUniversidad Nacional de La PlataLa PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Ciencias de los Alimentos, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Nacional de Colombia (sede Medellín)BogotáColombia
  3. 3.Facultad de Ciencias MédicasUniversidad Nacional de La Plata CIC-PBALa PlataArgentina

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