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Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology

, Volume 392, Issue 9, pp 1043–1048 | Cite as

The deafness gene GSDME: its involvement in cell apoptosis, secondary necrosis, and cancers

  • Yue-Qi Li
  • Jing-Jie Peng
  • Jun Peng
  • Xiu-Ju LuoEmail author
Review
  • 123 Downloads

Abstract

Gasdermin E (GSDME), also called DFNA5, is a member of the gasdermin family. GSDME is involved in the regulation of apoptosis and necrosis. The N-terminal domain of GSDME displays an apoptosis-inducing activity while the C-terminal domain may serve as an apoptosis-inhibiting regulator by shielding the N-terminal domain. Besides its function in the regulation of apoptosis, GSDME was recently reported to be a substrate of caspase-3 and cleavage of GSDME by caspase-3 into necrotic N-terminal fragment leads to the induction of secondary necrosis. GSDME was first identified as a deafness gene because its mutation was associated with a specific form of autosomal dominant progressive sensorineural hearing loss. Furthermore, GSDME has been considered a tumor suppressor implicated in several types of cancer. This mini-review summarized recent reports relevant to the functions of GSDME in the regulation of apoptosis and necrosis as well as its clinical relevance.

Keywords

GSDME DFNA5 Secondary necrosis Apoptosis Hearing loss Cancer 

Notes

Author contributions

YQ Li and JJ Peng drafted the manuscript, and J Peng and XJ Luo revised the manuscript. All authors agreed the final version of the manuscript and approved the submission.

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, China (No. 81573430 to Xiu-Ju Luo; No. 81872873 to Jun Peng) and Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China (No. 2015JJ2156 to Xiu-Ju Luo).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yue-Qi Li
    • 1
  • Jing-Jie Peng
    • 2
  • Jun Peng
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xiu-Ju Luo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Laboratory MedicineXiangya School of Medicine, Central South UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Department of Ophthalmology, Xiangya HospitalCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  3. 3.Department of Pharmacology, Xiangya School of Pharmaceutical SciencesCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  4. 4.Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Research, Xiangya School of Pharmaceutical SciencesCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

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