Response of soil bacterial community structure to different reclamation years of abandoned salinized farmland in arid China

  • Yaguang Zhao
  • Fenghua ZhangEmail author
  • Lei Yang
  • Dan Wang
  • Weichao Wang
Original Paper


In recent years, understanding the impact of reclamation of abandoned salinized field on microbial community structure is of great importance for ecosystem restoration in arid regions. The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of reclamation years on soil properties, bacterial community composition and diversity based on field sampling and llumina MiSeq sequencing. The five reclamation years are: unreclaimed salinized and reclaimed (1, 5, 10, and 15 years) fields. The results showed soil properties are significantly altered by abandoned salinized field. In particular, reclamation significantly decreased soil electrical conductivity, Cl, SO42−, Na+, and Ca2+, during 5 years of reclamation. In addition, reclamation increased the richness and diversity of the bacterial community, except for the 1-year field soils. There was a large difference in the abundant bacterial phyla in 1-year field soils compared with other field soils. Proteobacteria were the most abundant in all of the field soils. Principal coordinates analysis showed that the abandoned and 1-year field soils exhibited specific differences in bacterial community structures compared with other field soils. Statistical analyses showed that available phosphorus, SO42−, Mg2+, and Ca2+ were the main physicochemical properties affecting the soil bacterial communities. Overall, reclamation improved soil physicochemical properties and altered the structure and composition of soil bacterial communities compared with unreclaimed salinized soil.


Salinized soil Reclamation years MiSeq sequencing Soil bacterial community Soil bacterial diversity 



This research was financially supported by the National Key Technology R & D Program (Grant No. 2016YFC0501406), the Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest of China (201503120).

Author contributions

YZ and FZ designed and carried out the experiment. YZ and LY collected the data. YZ performed the analysis. YZ, FZ, DW, and WW contributed to the interpretation of the results. YZ wrote the manuscript. YZ and FZ contributed to the final version of the manuscript. All authors provided critical feedback and helped to shape the research, analysis, and manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yaguang Zhao
    • 1
  • Fenghua Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lei Yang
    • 1
  • Dan Wang
    • 1
  • Weichao Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology Agriculture of Xinjiang BingtuanShihezi UniversityShiheziChina

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