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Impact of seasonality and environmental conditions on yeast diversity from camel’s milk collected in Algeria

  • Soufian Ider
  • Yanath Belguesmia
  • Françoise Coucheney
  • Mabrouk Kihal
  • Djamel DriderEmail author
OriginalPaper
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

During this study, we characterized the seasonality’s impact and environmental conditions on the yeast diversity from raw camel’s milk collected in Algeria. The yeast counts were estimated to 3.55 × 102 CFU mL−1, with a maximum of 6.3 × 102 CFU mL−1. The yeasts were categorized phenotypically by API 20C AUX, MALDI-TOF and genetically by sequencing 26S rDNA and ITS1-5.8S-ITS2. The rDNA sequencing approaches revealed 12 species including unusual ones such as Trichosporon asahii, Pichia fermentans, Millerozyma farinosa, Pichia galeiformis, Candida tartarivorans and Pichia manshurica. The most dominant species were T. asahii (23%), P. fermentans (19%) and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa (14%). The high occurrence and large diversity were registered in samples collected during the autumn season, in the semi-arid and arid highlands regions with 0.66 × 103 CFU mL−1 and 0.51 × 103 CFU mL−1, respectively. Interestingly, T. asahii, R. mucilaginosa, P. fermentans, C. parapsilosis and C. zeylanoides were detected during both spring and autumn.

Keywords

Camel milk Yeasts Biodiversity Environmental conditions Phenotypic and genotypic characterization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Sofian Ider received a short-term PhD Grant from the Algerian Government. The authors are indebted to la region des Hauts-de-France through CPER/FEDER Alibiotech Grant [2016–2020], allowing experimental work at Lille University as well as support postdoctoral position of Dr. Yanath Belguesmia. The authors are indebted to Dr. Bruce Seal (Oregon State University Cascades) for critical reading of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soufian Ider
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yanath Belguesmia
    • 2
  • Françoise Coucheney
    • 2
  • Mabrouk Kihal
    • 1
  • Djamel Drider
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Microbiologie Fondamentale et Appliquée, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la VieUniversité Oran 1 - Ahmed Ben BellaOranAlgeria
  2. 2.EA 7394-Institut Charles VioletteUniversité de LilleLilleFrance
  3. 3.Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie et Sciences de la TerreUniversité de GhardaïaGhardaïaAlgeria

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