Sphingobium aromaticivastans sp. nov., a novel aniline- and benzene-degrading, and antimicrobial compound producing bacterium
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A strictly aerobic, orange-pigmented strain was isolated and designated as UCM-25T. This strain is capable of degrading aniline and benzene, while is also producing antimicrobial compounds which inhibit the growth of some common pathogenic microbes. A near full-length 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed similarity to Sphingobium chlorophenolicum NBRC 16172T (98.6%). The level of DNA–DNA hybridization between the new isolate and the related species suggests UCM-25T to be a new species belonging to the genus Sphingobium. The bacterial cells contained phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, sphingoglycolipid, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine, three unidentified polar lipids, and an unidentified aminophospholipid. Ubiquinone Q-10 was the major quinone and spermidine was the major polyamine. The G+C content in the DNA of strain UCM-25T was 62.9 mol%. Cells contained summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c), summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), C16:0, and C14:0 2-OH as major fatty acids. Based on the comparison of phenotypic, genotypic, and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain UCM-25T represents a new member of the genus Sphingobium, for which the name S. aromaticivastans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is UCM-25T (=KACC 19288T =DSM 105181T).
KeywordsSphingobium aromaticivastans sp. nov. Soil Degradation Aromatic hydrocarbon Antimicrobial compound
This study was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education (2016R1D1A1A09916982).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.
This study does not describe any experimental work related to humans.
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