Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 201, Issue 1, pp 1–16 | Cite as

Cold survival strategies for bacteria, recent advancement and potential industrial applications

  • Amit S. Dhaulaniya
  • Biji Balan
  • Mohit kumar
  • Pawan K. Agrawal
  • Dileep Kumar SinghEmail author


Microorganisms have evolved themselves to thrive under various extreme environmental conditions such as extremely high or low temperature, alkalinity, and salinity. These microorganisms adapted several metabolic processes to survive and reproduce efficiently under such extreme environments. As the major proportion of earth is covered with the cold environment and is exploited by human beings, these sites are not pristine anymore. Human interventions are a great reason for disturbing the natural biogeochemical cycles in these regions. The survival strategies of these organisms have shown great potential for helping us to restore these pristine sites and the use of isolated cold-adapted enzymes from these organisms has also revolutionized various industrial products. This review gives you the insight of psychrophilic enzyme adaptations and their industrial applications.


Psychrophiles Cold-active enzyme Industrial applications Bioremediation Anti-freezing proteins 



Financial assistance provided by NASF research grant (project entitled “Bioremediation of chemical contaminants and their complexes present in drainage water with high dynamic flux used for irrigation in urban and periurban agriculture”), sanction no. NASF/CA-6030/2017-18 is highly acknowledged. The first author is obliged to CSIR-UGC JRF Fellowship, University Grant Commission (UGC), Government of India, for providing the stipend.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Soil Microbial Ecology and Environmental Toxicology Laboratory, Zoology DepartmentUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.National Agriculture Science Fund (NASF)New DelhiIndia

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