Electrical Engineering

, Volume 101, Issue 4, pp 1221–1233 | Cite as

Design of an optimized fractional high-order differential feedback controller for an AVR system

  • Mustafa Sinasi AyasEmail author
Original Paper


This paper proposes a high-order differential feedback controller (HODFC) and a fractional high-order differential feedback controller (FHODFC) to improve regulating ability of a commonly used automatic voltage regulator (AVR) system. In controller design process, particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is utilized together with analytic approach. A constrained optimization problem is solved by PSO algorithm considering a specified objective function to obtain a less setting time, percentage overshoot, and regulation error. In order to test the performance of the proposed controllers, optimally tuned (proportional–integral–derivative) PID controllers available in the literature are implemented. The results demonstrate that the proposed FHODFC provides less percentage overshoot, settling time, rise time, and peak time than other proposed controllers, i.e., HODFC. Furthermore, the performance of the several available PID controllers is significantly worse than both of the proposed controllers in terms of transient response characteristics.


AVR system Fractional high-order differential feedback controller High-order differentiator Fractional calculus 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringKaradeniz Technical UniversityTrabzonTurkey

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