Approximately \(\varGamma \)-semigroups in proximal relator spaces

  • Mustafa UçkunEmail author
  • Ebubekir İnan
Original Paper


This article introduces approximately \(\varGamma \)-semigroups, approximately \(\varGamma \)-ideals and approximately upper \(\varGamma \)-ideals in proximal relator spaces. Some properties of descriptively approximations are investigated using by object description \(\varGamma \)-homomorphism. Furthermore, an example of approximately \(\varGamma \)-semigroup with working on digital images.


Proximity spaces Relator spaces Descriptive approximations Approximately semigroups 

Mathematics Subject Classification

08A05 68Q32 54E05 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Arts and SciencesAdıyaman UniversityAdıyamanTurkey

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