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Rechtsmedizin

, Volume 29, Issue 5, pp 407–414 | Cite as

Dental age estimation using degenerative changes in lower premolars in a northern Chinese population

  • Yu-xia Hou
  • Mu-jia Li
  • Andreas Olze
  • Sven Schmidt
  • Ronald Schulz
  • Heidi Pfeiffer
  • Teng Chen
  • Yu-cheng GuoEmail author
  • Andreas Schmeling
Original article
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

Degenerative dental changes can be closely related to chronological age. In 2012 Olze et al. proposed that several criteria, which were first presented by Gustafson for extracted teeth, can also be applied to orthopantomograms. The present study aimed to verify whether secondary dentin formation, periodontal recession, attrition, and cementum apposition in lower premolars can be used for dental age estimation in Chinese juveniles and young adults. For this purpose, 1300 orthopantomograms of 650 female and 650 male Chinese subjects within the age range of 15–40 years were evaluated. The results showed that when secondary dentin formation reached stage 3 or periodontal recession, attrition and cementum apposition were at stage 2, the completion of the 18th year of life can be proven beyond reasonable doubt; however, only a few individuals in the study population were at these stages. The findings of the present study indicate that degenerative changes involving lower premolars are of limited value for forensic age estimation in Chinese juveniles and young adults.

Keywords

Dental age estimation Secondary dentin Periodontal recession Attrition Cementum apposition 

Zahnärztliche Altersschätzung anhand degenerativer Veränderungen der Unterkieferprämolaren in einer nordchinesischen Population

Zusammenfassung

Degenerative Zahnveränderungen können eng mit dem chronologischen Alter verbunden sein. Im Jahr 2012 schlugen Olze et al. vor, dass verschiedene Kriterien, die zuerst von Gustafson für extrahierte Zähne beschrieben wurden, auch auf Orthopantomogramme angewendet werden können. Die vorliegende Studie sollte überprüfen, ob Sekundärdentinbildung, parodontaler Knochenabbau, Attrition und Zementapposition der Unterkieferprämolaren für die zahnärztliche Altersschätzung bei chinesischen Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen eingesetzt werden können. Zu diesem Zweck wurden 1300 Orthopantomogramme von 650 weiblichen und 650 männlichen Chinesen der Altersgruppe 15 bis 40 Jahre ausgewertet. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass beim Vorliegen des Stadiums 3 der Sekundärdentinbildung bzw. beim Stadium 2 des parodontalen Knochenabbaus, der Attrition und der Zementapposition die Vollendung des 18. Lebensjahrs mit an Sicherheit grenzender Wahrscheinlichkeit nachgewiesen werden kann. Allerdings wiesen nur wenige Personen des Studienkollektivs diese Stadien auf. Es wurde geschlussfolgert, dass degenerative Zahnveränderungen der Unterkieferprämolaren für die Altersschätzung von chinesischen Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen von begrenztem Wert sind.

Schlüsselwörter

Zahnärztliche Altersschätzung Sekundärdentin Parodontaler Knochenabbau Attrition Zementapposition 

Notes

Funding

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81701869), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2019M653664), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. xjj2017168)

Compliance with ethical guidelines

Conflict of interest

Y.-x. Hou, M.-j. Li, A. Olze, S. Schmidt, R. Schulz, H. Pfeiffer, T. Chen, Y.-c. Guo and A. Schmeling declare that they have no competing interests.

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants or on human tissue were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1975 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The hospital ethics committee approved the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu-xia Hou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mu-jia Li
    • 1
  • Andreas Olze
    • 3
  • Sven Schmidt
    • 4
  • Ronald Schulz
    • 4
  • Heidi Pfeiffer
    • 4
  • Teng Chen
    • 5
  • Yu-cheng Guo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • Andreas Schmeling
    • 4
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Shaanxi Province for Craniofacial Precision Medicine Research, College of StomatologyXi’an Jiatong UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Department of Orthodontics, Stomatological HospitalXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  3. 3.Institute of Legal MedicineCharité—UniversitätsmedizinBerlinGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Legal MedicineUniversity Hospital MünsterMünsterGermany
  5. 5.College of Medicine and ForensicsXi’an Jiaotong University Health Science CenterXi’anChina

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