Laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy: the Pilsner modification
Introduction and hypothesis
Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy is the preferred contemporary procedure for the surgical management of a significant apical pelvic organ prolapse. In the presence of a uterus it is possible for the patient to have subtotal hysterectomy and cervicopexy, total hysterectomy with colpopexy or uterine conservation and hysteropexy. However, hysteropexy seems to be associated with a higher risk of anterior compartment failure compared with cervicopexy or colpopexy. It is not uncommon for an asymmetrically large anterior compartment defect to co-exist with a symptomatic apical pelvic organ prolapse. In a cervicopexy or colpopexy, this asymmetry can be balanced by creating a de novo vaginal apex from the superior part of the anterior vaginal wall. However in a hysteropexy the attachment of the base of the anterior mesh to the vagina and cervical isthmus limits the ability to do this.
In this video we present a solution where the shape of the posterior mesh is modified to include two horizontal arms that are passed through openings in the broad ligament and attached to the cervical isthmus anteriorly.
This frees the anterior Y-shaped mesh to be fixed to the anterior vaginal wall only and hence provides the required tension to create the de novo apex.
Prior to wide adoption, this technique should be further investigated in the context of robustly designed comparative studies.
KeywordsAnterior compartment Cystocele Laparoscopy Mesh Prolapse Sacrohysteropexy
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
The authors report no conflicts of interest.
Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this video article and any accompanying images.
(MP4 446899 kb)
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