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Incidence and contributing factors of perioperative complications in surgical procedures for pelvic organ prolapse

  • Hanan AlshankitiEmail author
  • Sara Houlihan
  • Magali Robert
  • Calgary Women’s Pelvic Health Research Group
Original Article
  • 37 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Data on the incidence of perioperative complications of surgical procedures for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and their contributing factors are limited, sometimes conflicting, and often mixed with other urogynecologic surgeries.

Objectives

To estimate the incidence and contributing factors for perioperative complications of POP procedures.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was carried out between November 2016 and June 2017. POP procedures of different approaches were included irrespective of the surgeon involved, type of surgery (primary or repeat), or concomitant hysterectomy or incontinence repair. Data on perioperative complications were recorded prospectively.

Results

A total of 366 women were included in the current analysis. The average age was 61.0 ± 13.4 years. The surgical procedures performed were vaginal (75.3%), abdominal (11.3%), or combined (13.4%). Approximately 18.2% of these procedures were repeat surgeries. A total of 38 (11.3%) women developed perioperative complications (3.6% severe and 7.7% minor). These included: 25 (7.4%) intraoperative complications (2.4% severe and 5.1% minor) and 17 (5.1%) postoperative complications (2.1% severe and 3.0% minor). In multivariate analysis, abdominal surgery and McCall culdoplasty were significant predictors of intraoperative complications (alone or when combined with other postoperative complications). On the other hand, concomitant hysterectomy and concomitant incontinence repair procedure were associated with higher postoperative complication rates while vaginal surgery had fewer postoperative complications.

Conclusion

There was a low rate of perioperative complications. Abdominal surgery and McCall culdoplasty showed higher intraoperative complications. These data should help in preoperative counseling and target ways to further decrease complication rates.

Keywords

Pelvic organ prolapse Urogynecology Surgical complications Incidence 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank the Calgary Women’s Pelvic Health Research Group

Funding

This project has been funded by the section of Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery.

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Copyright information

© The International Urogynecological Association 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanan Alshankiti
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sara Houlihan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Magali Robert
    • 1
    • 2
  • Calgary Women’s Pelvic Health Research Group
  1. 1.Foothills Medical CentreUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

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