Pelvic floor symptoms 5 to 14 years after total versus subtotal hysterectomy for benign conditions: a systematic review and meta-analysis
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Introduction and hypothesis
We aim to compare total versus subtotal abdominal hysterectomy regarding urinary and bowel symptoms and pelvic organ prolapse at long-term follow-up.
A systematic literature search was performed on the MEDLINE, LILACS, Cochrane CENTRAL and SCOPUS databases and conference abstracts (AAGL, AUGS, ICS) from inception up to November 2017. We included randomized trials comparing total versus subtotal hysterectomy for benign conditions that evaluated pelvic floor symptoms over 5 years of follow-up. Risk of bias and GRADE assessment for quality of evidence were performed.
We included four studies involving 566 participants with follow-up ranging from 5 to 14 years. Women who underwent total hysterectomy presented lower risk of reported urinary incontinence [RR 0.74 (CI = 0.58, 0.94) i2 0%; p = 0.02] and stress urinary incontinence [RR 0.84 (CI = 0.71, 0.99) i2 0%; p = 0.04] than those who had subtotal hysterectomy. The events urinary frequency, urge incontinence, incomplete bladder emptying, pelvic organ prolapse, incontinence of stool and constipation did not favor one procedure over another in the long term (P > 0.05).
Patient-reported urinary incontinence and stress urinary incontinence events favored total hysterectomy over subtotal hysterectomy up to 14-year long-term follow-up.
KeywordsTotal Subtotal Supracervical Hysterectomy Long-term Meta-analysis Review
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
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