Overlapping sphincteroplasty and posterior repair
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Introduction and hypothesis
Knowledge of how to anatomically reconstruct extensive posterior-compartment defects is variable among gynecologists. The objective of this video is to demonstrate an effective technique of overlapping sphincteroplasty and posterior repair.
In this video, a scripted storyboard was constructed that outlines the key surgical steps of a comprehensive posterior compartment repair: (1) surgical incision that permits access to posterior compartment and perineal body, (2) dissection of the rectovaginal space up to the level of the cervix, (3) plication of the rectovaginal muscularis, (4) repair of internal and external anal sphincters, and (5) reconstruction of the perineal body. Using a combination of graphic illustrations and live video footage, tips on repair are highlighted.
The goals at the end of repair are to: (1) have improved vaginal caliber, (2) increase rectal tone along the entire posterior vaginal wall, (3) have the posterior vaginal wall at a perpendicular plane to the perineal body, (4) reform the hymenal ring, and (5) not have an overly elongated perineal body.
This video provides a step-by-step guide on how to perform an overlapping sphincteroplasty and posterior repair.
KeywordsFecal incontinence Overlapping sphincteroplasty Posterior repair
Conflicts of interest
Andrea Crane, MD received an honorarium from Allied Minds for consultation on an educational tool. Catherine Matthews, MD received a robotics fellowship grant from Intuitive Surgical.
(M4V 86015 kb)