High-accuracy and high-performance WAAM propeller manufacture by cylindrical surface slicing method

  • Tianying He
  • Shengfu YuEmail author
  • Yusheng Shi
  • Yili Dai


The propeller is the important component of the power system in ships, the blades of which are spatial curved structures with continually changing sections. Wire arc additive manufacture (WAAM) is a novel technology and an effective method for manufacturing propellers. Currently, the planar slicing methods cannot form the high-accuracy propellers with complex spatial curves, a new cylindrical surface slicing method, based on the principles of conformal slicing, is applied to WAAM, the section for slicing being a cylindrical surface coaxial with the hub. Both cylindrical circumferential filling and cylindrical axial filling are used for filling the blades. In the manufacturing process, the hub is firstly formed by plane slicing and offset filling, then the blade is formed piece by piece by cylindrical slice and cylindrical axial filling and cylindrical circumferential filling alternately. A non-contact 3D measuring is conducted with a surface structure light 3D scanner after the completion of printing, and a 3D comparison is made with Geomagic qualify software. The dimensional error of the product is within ± 1.6 mm. The mechanical properties of WAAM propeller components are higher than the casting ones with the same composition.


Propeller Wire arc additive manufacture Cylindrical slicing 3D measuring Forming accuracy 


Funding information

This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China, No. 2017YFB1103200, and Independent Innovation Fund of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No. 2018KFYXMPT002.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tianying He
    • 1
  • Shengfu Yu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yusheng Shi
    • 1
  • Yili Dai
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Die & Mould TechnologyHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

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