Advertisement

Effect of laser cleaning process parameters on the surface roughness of 5754-grade aluminum alloy

  • Guangxing Zhang
  • Xueming HuaEmail author
  • Fang Li
  • Yuelong Zhang
  • Chen Shen
  • Jian Cheng
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
  • 50 Downloads

Abstract

Laser cleaning has been widely used in manufacturing industries due to its lower pollution and higher cleaning precision and efficiency compared with traditional ways. However, laser cleaning would inevitably induce processing roughness on the workpiece surface and only a few researches have been conducted to this field. In this work, the influence of process parameters on surface roughness was explored in detail. The results showed that process parameters changed surface roughness by changing energy density and overlap ratio. And surface roughness was showed linear positive correlation with energy density. At same energy density, surface roughness will first increase and then decrease with increasing overlap ratios. The maximum roughness was in the range of 50 to 66.7%. It could be explained that after laser irradiation, the sample surface absorbed pulse energy and formed craters. The rim and craters made the sample surface coarse. Due to the depth and diameter of craters were dependent on energy density, the roughness increased with increasing energy densities. The adjacent craters will also change the height of rim and depth of crater with different overlap ratios. It led to different surface roughness.

Keywords

Laser cleaning Surface roughness Process parameters Energy density Overlap ratio 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    Hsu J-C, Lin W-Y, Chang Y-J, Ho C-C, Kuo C-L (2015) Continuous-wave laser drilling assisted by intermittent gas jets. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 79(1):449–459.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-015-6847-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lutey AHA, Ascari A, Fortunato A, Romoli L (2018) Long-pulse quasi-CW laser cutting of metals. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 94(1):155–162.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-017-0913-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li R, Zhang F, Sun T, Liu B, Chen S, Tian Y (2019) Investigation of strengthening mechanism of commercially pure titanium joints fabricated by autogenously laser beam welding and laser-MIG hybrid welding processes. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 101(1):377–389.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-018-2922-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tam AC, Park HK, Grigoropoulos CP (1998) Laser cleaning of surface contaminants. Appl Surf Sci 127-129:721–725.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-4332(97)00788-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Padma Nilaya J, Biswas DJ (2010) Laser-assisted cleaning: dominant role of surface. Pramana 75(6):1087–1097.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12043-010-0192-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Samolik S, Walczak M, Plotek M, Sarzynski A, Pluska I, Marczak J (2015) Investigation into the removal of graffiti on mineral supports: comparison of nano-second Nd:YAG laser cleaning with traditional mechanical and chemical methods. Stud Conserv 60(sup1):S58–S64.  https://doi.org/10.1179/0039363015Z.000000000208 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pozo Antonio JS, Rivas T, Fiorucci MP, López AJ, Ramil A (2016) Effectiveness and harmfulness evaluation of graffiti cleaning by mechanical, chemical and laser procedures on granite. Microchem J 125:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2015.10.040 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bohn WL, Schweizer G, Werner L, Huegel H (1995) Industrial 2-kW TEA CO2 laser for paint stripping of aircraft, vol 2502, pp 57–62.  https://doi.org/10.1117/12.204978 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lu YF, Song WD, Hong MH, Zheng YW, Chong TC (2000) Laser surface cleaning and potential applications in disk drive industry. Tribol Int 33(5):329–335.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-679X(00)00049-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chen GX, Kwee TJ, Tan KP (2012) High-power fibre laser cleaning for green shipbuilding. J Laser Micro 7(3):249–253.  https://doi.org/10.2961/jlmn.2012.03.0003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Buccolieri G, Nassisi V, Buccolieri A, Vona F, Castellano A (2013) Laser cleaning of a bronze bell. Appl Surf Sci 272:55–58.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.03.132 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ye Y, Jia B, Chen J, Jiang Y, Tang H, Wang H, Luan X, Liao W, Zhang C, Yao C (2017) Laser cleaning of the contaminations on the surface of tire mould. Int J Modern Physics B 31(16–19):1744100.  https://doi.org/10.1142/s0217979217441008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Li R, Yue J, Shao X, Wang C, Yan F, Hu X (2015) A study of thick plate ultra-narrow-gap multi-pass multi-layer laser welding technology combined with laser cleaning. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 81(1):113–127.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-015-7193-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Supervision SBoT (1988) GB8923-88 Rust grades and preparation grades of steel surfaces before application of paints and related products. Beijing: China Standard Press,Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang Z, Zeng X, Huang W (2003) Parameters and surface performance of laser removal of rust layer on A3 steel. Surf Coat Technol 166(1):10–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s0257-8972(02)00736-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Quan S, Yanqun T, Guidian M, Lihua W (2014) Study on surface roughness of the substrate after laser derusting. Laser Infrared 44(6):605–608.  https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1001-5078.2014.06.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Li X, Huang T, Chong AW, Zhou R, Choo YS, Hong M (2017) Laser cleaning of steel structure surface for paint removal and repaint adhesion. Opto-Electron Eng 44(3):340–344.  https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-501X.2017.03.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Dausinger F, Hügel H, Konov VI (2003) Micromachining with ultrashort laser pulses: from basic understanding to technical applications. Proc SPIE 5147:106–115.  https://doi.org/10.1117/12.537496 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Brygo F, Dutouquet C, Le Guern F, Oltra R, Semerok A, Weulersse JM (2006) Laser fluence, repetition rate and pulse duration effects on paint ablation. Appl Surf Sci 252(6):2131–2138.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2005.02.143 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhang J, Wang Y, Cheng P, Yao YL (2006) Effect of pulsing parameters on laser ablative cleaning of copper oxides. J Appl Phys 99(6):064902.  https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2175467 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chen GX, Kwee TJ, Tan KP, Choo YS, Hong MH (2010) Laser cleaning of steel for paint removal. Applied Physics A 101(2):249–253.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-010-5811-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Qiu Z, Zhu H (2013) Process parameter study on the removing rust using pulsed laser. Applied Laser 33(4):416–420.  https://doi.org/10.3788/al20133304.416 MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kumar A, Bhatt RB, Behere PG, Afzal M, Kumar A, Nilaya JP, Biswas DJ (2014) Laser-assisted surface cleaning of metallic components. Pramana 82(2):237–242.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12043-013-0665-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Gao W, Liang G, Xu P (2016) Effects of process parameters on 304 stainless steel surface cleaning treated by 532nm laser. Appl Laser 36(2):199–204.  https://doi.org/10.14128/j.cnki.al.20163602.199 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Messaoudi H, Mehrafsun S, Tromenschläger W (2017) Picosecond laser cleaning of hot stamped 22MnB5 steel. J Mater Sci Surface Eng 5(1):504–508. https://doi.org/10.jmsse/2348-8956/5-1.3Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Dausinger F (2000) Precise drilling with short-pulsed lasers, vol 3888. Advanced high-power lasers and applications. SPIE.  https://doi.org/10.1117/12.377015
  27. 27.
    Zhao W, Wang W, Jiang G, Li BQ, Mei X (2015) Ablation and morphological evolution of micro-holes in stainless steel with picosecond laser pulses. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 80(9–12):1713–1720.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-015-7145-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Li F, Chen X, Lin W, Pan H, Jin X, Hua X (2017) Nanosecond laser ablation of Al-Si coating on boron steel. Surf Coat Technol 319:129–135.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2017.03.038 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Xie Y, Liu H, Hu Y (2016) Determining process parameters for laser derusting of ship steel plates. Chinese J Lasers 43(4):1–8.  https://doi.org/10.3788/CJL201643.0403008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guangxing Zhang
    • 1
  • Xueming Hua
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fang Li
    • 1
  • Yuelong Zhang
    • 1
  • Chen Shen
    • 1
  • Jian Cheng
    • 2
  1. 1.Shanghai Key Laboratory of Material Laser Processing and ModificationShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.School of Mechanical EngineeringHubei University of TechnologyWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations