Microscopic characterization and modeling of oxide layer for electrolytic in-process dressing (ELID) grinding with focus on voltage, electrode-wheel gap, and coolant flow

  • Bader AlqahtaniEmail author
  • Miaomiao Zhang
  • Ioan Marinescu
  • Omar T. Bafakeeh
  • Sharaf Al Sofyani


Electrolytic in-process dressing (ELID) is a grinding technique used to generate high-quality surfaces on hard and brittle material. Oxide layer formed on grinding wheel during ELID grinding heavily influences the surface roughness of the workpiece. To study the microscopic structure of the oxide layer and model the thickness of it, we conducted a previously reported study on metallic-bonded prism samples with major adjustments and implementations. The parameter studied are voltage, electrode-grinding wheel gap, and coolant flow rate. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of cross-section of the oxidation sites were captured and compared and oxide layer thickness was accurately measured. All three parameters are found to significantly affect the formation of the oxide layer.


Electrolyte in-process dressing Oxide layer thickness Coolant flow Cross-section Modeling SEM 


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Funding information

This research was funded by The Precision Micro Machining Center and The Instrumentation Center at the University of Toledo.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bader Alqahtani
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Miaomiao Zhang
    • 1
  • Ioan Marinescu
    • 1
  • Omar T. Bafakeeh
    • 3
  • Sharaf Al Sofyani
    • 4
  1. 1.Precision Micro Machining Center (PMMC)The University of ToledoToledoUSA
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentNorthern Border UniversityArarSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Industrial Engineering DepartmentJazan UniversityJazanSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Industrial Engineering DepartmentNorthern Border UniversityArarSaudi Arabia

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