High-performance graphene-based heaters fabricated using maskless ultraviolet laser patterning

  • Shih-Feng TsengEmail author
  • Pi-Ying Cheng
  • Wen-Tse Hsiao
  • Ming-Fu Chen
  • Chien-Kai Chung
  • Po-Han Wang


Graphene-based film heaters (GFHs) with laser-patterned electrode structures can be used in microheaters, thermal sensors, and thermostatic apparatuses for various high-value-added medical devices and creative products. To obtain uniform and higher temperatures, this study aims to design, fabricate, and measure GFHs with net-like electrode structures using ANSYS Workbench software, an ultraviolet laser processing system, and an infrared thermal imaging camera, respectively. The electric heating experiments (which were measured with an infrared thermal imaging camera) demonstrated that the temperatures of GFHs with net-like electrode structures were significantly higher than those of devices without patterned graphene films. Moreover, the temperatures of GFHs with net-like electrode structures increased rapidly with time when DC voltages higher than 12 V were applied for at least 10 s. A maximum temperature of 91.5 °C was obtained at 200 s when a DC voltage of 18 V was applied. Besides, minimal and maximal deviations of steady-state temperatures between experimental and simulated values were 6.9 °C and 10 °C under each corresponding DC voltage, respectively.


Graphene-based film heater Net-like electrode Ultraviolet laser Infrared thermal imaging camera Electric heating 


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Funding information

This research was financially supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan under projects MOST 107-2221-E-027-129-MY2 and MOST 107-2622-E-019-CC3.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shih-Feng Tseng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pi-Ying Cheng
    • 2
  • Wen-Tse Hsiao
    • 3
  • Ming-Fu Chen
    • 3
  • Chien-Kai Chung
    • 3
  • Po-Han Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Chiao Tung UniversityHsinchuTaiwan
  3. 3.Instrument Technology Research Center, National Applied Research LaboratoriesHsinchuTaiwan

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