Effect of printing layer thickness on water absorption and mechanical properties of 3D-printed wood/PLA composite materials

  • Nadir Ayrilmis
  • Mirko Kariz
  • Jin Heon Kwon
  • Manja Kitek KuzmanEmail author


Effect of printing layer thickness on technological properties of 3D-printed specimens fabricated from wood flour/PLA filaments having a diameter of 1.75 mm was investigated. For this aim, four different printing layers, 0.05 mm, 0.1 mm, 0.2 mm, and 0.3 mm, were used in the production of the 3D-printed specimens. The water absorption of the specimens (28 days immersion in water) increased with increasing printing layer thickness while the thickness swelling decreased. The tensile and bending properties of the specimens significantly improved with decreasing printing layer thickness. The increase in the layer thickness caused bigger gaps, which increased the porosity in the cross section of the specimen. Higher porosity resulted in lower mechanical properties.


Three-dimensional printer 3D Wood flour Poly(lactic acid) Technological properties Layer thickness 


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Funding information

This research work was financially supported by Mevlana Exchange Program based on Project supported by Council of Higher Education of Turkey in 2017 year. Project no: 78.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadir Ayrilmis
    • 1
  • Mirko Kariz
    • 2
  • Jin Heon Kwon
    • 3
  • Manja Kitek Kuzman
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Wood Mechanics and Technology, Forestry FacultyIstanbul University-CerrahpasaIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Wood Science and Technology, Biotechnical FacultyUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  3. 3.Department of Forest Biomaterials Engineering, College of Forest and Environmental SciencesKangwon National UniversityChuncheonRepublic of Korea

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