Modal identification of a machine tool structure during machining operations
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The identification of modal parameters of a machine tool structure, in service, is important to ensure stability and productivity during machining operations. The characterization can be carried out through an Operational Modal Analysis (OMA). However, in the presence of strong harmonic excitation, the application of OMA is not straightforward. To overcome this difficulty, the Transmissibility Function-Based (TFB) method is proposed. The major advantage of this approach is its independence from the excitation nature and its ability to separate structural poles from spurious ones. The main novelty of this paper lies in the investigation of the TFB approach to identify the modal properties of a machine tool, during machining operations. Identified modal model through an Experimental Modal Analysis (EMA) of the considered machine tool, at rest, presents our reference modal base to validate results obtained through the TFB approach. For a comparison purpose, the modified Enhanced Frequency Domain Decomposition (EFDD) method is also investigated. Both methods enable the identification of the modal properties under operational conditions, with a clear advantage to the TFB approach due to its ability to eliminate all of the preponderant harmonic components from the measured data without the need of any additional selection criteria. The TFB method is thus a reliable technique for the identification of modal parameters of a machine tool in operational conditions.
KeywordsOperational modal analysis Machine tool Identification procedure Transmissibility
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This work was sponsored by the French government research program through the IMobS3 Excellence Laboratory, by the European Union through the Regional competitiveness program and by the Auvergne region.
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