Comprehensive investigation of surface quality and mechanical properties in CO2 laser drilling of GFRP composites

  • Ali SolatiEmail author
  • Mohsen HamediEmail author
  • Majid Safarabadi


The present paper aims to study different laser drilling/cutting parameters including laser intensity, cutting speed, and gas pressure in order to achieve minimum surface roughness (Ra), heat-affected zone (HAZ), taper angle (TA), and maximum tensile strength (TS) of the laser-drilled glass fiber-reinforced plastic (GFRP) laminate. Full factorial design of experiment method and analysis of variance were adopted to investigate the effect of each parameter on the responses, and in addition, the surface roughness and tensile strength were compared with that of conventional drilling. The morphology of the laser-drilled holes was studied through the scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was found that optimum laser drilling parameters can yield higher tensile strength and lower surface roughness in drilled GFRP laminate compared to the conventional drilling. Moreover, multi-response optimization was carried out on the results in order to obtain maximum tensile strength, minimum HAZ, minimum surface roughness, and minimum taper angle. The results revealed that the laser intensity, cutting speed, and assist gas pressure should be set at 2.04 W/cm2, 8 mm/s, and 4 bar, respectively, to obtain higher tensile strength and surface integrity. The results drawn from this study can be applied to improve the surface quality and mechanical properties of laser drilling of FRP materials especially in aircraft part manufacturing.


Laser machining Fiber-reinforced polymer composite FRP HAZ Mechanical properties 


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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical Engineering, College of EngineeringUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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