Atmospheric pressure plasma jet–assisted impregnation of gold nanoparticles into PVC polymer for various applications
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Atmospheric pressure plasma jet is used as a tool to design polymer/nanoparticle composite materials for various applications. The aim of this research is to get a cheap and green method for nanoparticle impregnation into polymer surfaces. The proposed route consists of nanoparticle synthesis by laser ablation in water and their impregnation into polymers assisted by atmospheric pressure plasma jet. The impregnation is achieved by increased roughness of treated samples containing nanoparticles which are embedded into such rough structures. This proof-of-concept method is based on pre- or post-treatment of PVC polymer drop-coated with Au nanoparticles by helium atmospheric pressure plasma jet.
KeywordsAtmospheric pressure plasma jet Polymer nanocomposites Nanoparticles impregnation Polymer treatments Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC)
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N.K. acknowledges COST Action TD1208 “Electrical Discharges with Liquids for Future Applications” which provided relevant discussions.
This work was partially supported by the project “Laser-Cold Plasma Interaction and Diagnostics” (HrZZ-IP-11-2013-2753) funded by the Croatian Science Foundation and partially from “Laser synthesis of Au nanoparticles in liquids” funded by the Croatian Academy of Science and Arts. A.J., G.F., and U.C. are supported by grants M.ERA-Net “PlasmaTex” and L2-6769 ARRS (Slovenian Research Agency).
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