Advertisement

Laser cladding with grinding processing of orthogonal offset face gear

  • Yanzhong Wang
  • Xiaomeng Chu
  • Guoying Su
  • Weiqiang Zhao
  • Yueming He
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

To further develop the advantages of face gear drives and improve their anti-sticking performance and wear resistance, a novel method using laser cladding as the primary process is proposed; here, grinding processing is used as the secondary process, i.e., achieving tooth surface strengthening of the orthogonal offset face gear using two types of materials to form a material gradient based on a laser cladding technology. Then, grinding processing is performed using a five-axis grinding machining. First, according to the forming principle of the face gear tooth surface, we establish the coordinate system of the orthogonal offset face gear and the gear cutter coordinate system; we also derive the tooth surface equation of the virtual gear cutter and the tooth surface equation of the orthogonal offset face gear. Second, we research the principles of the laser cladding and establish a laser cladding test bed for the orthogonal offset face gear. Based on the analysis of the design of the cladding layer and the process parameters of the face gear, the selection of the scanning path, the heat accumulation during the laser cladding process, and the accuracy control of the scanning position, we perform a laser cladding experiment on the offset orthogonal face gear. Third, we establish the machining coordinate system of the face gear based on the machine tool structure and conduct a grinding experiment for the face gear after the cladding process. Finally, we analyze the morphology and hardness of the face gear after grinding. A bench test verification of the axle face gear transmission system is completed. The results show that the precision and surface hardness of the tooth surface are significantly improved after grinding. Meanwhile, the accuracy and feasibility of the laser cladding surface of the face gear are verified.

Keywords

Face gear Surface strengthening Laser cladding Generating grinding Five-axis grinding machine 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Funding

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51275020), and the National Science and Technology Program of China (Grant No. 2014BAF08B01).

References

  1. 1.
    Martins R, Amaro R, Seabra J (2008) Influence of low friction coatings on the scuffing load capacity and efficiency of gears. Tribol Int 41:234–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Amaro RI, Martins RC, Seabra JO, Renevier NM, Teer DG (2005) Molybdenum disulphide/titanium low friction coating for gears application. Tribol Int 38:423–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    He HB, Li HY, Xu ZZ, Kim D, Lyu SK (2010) Effect of MoS2-based composite coatings on tribological behavior and efficiency of gear. Int J Precis Eng Man 11(6):937–943CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bonora RG, Voorwald HJC, Cioffi MOH, Junior GS, Santos LFV (2010) Fatigue in AISI 4340 steel thermal spray coating by HVOF for aeronautic application. Procedia Eng 2:1617–1623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lian GF, Yao MP, Zhang Y, Chen CR (2018) Analysis and prediction on geometric characteristics of multi-track overlapping laser cladding. Int J Adv Manuf Tech 97(5–8):2397–2407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Marzban J, Ghaseminejad P, Ahmadzadeh MH, Teimouri R (2015) Experimental investigation and statistical optimization of laser surface cladding parameters. Int J Adv Manuf Tech 76(5–8):1163–1172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu HM, Hu ZQ, Qin XP, Wang YL, Zhang J, Huang S. Parameter optimization and experimental study of the sprocket repairing using laser cladding[J]. Int J Adv Manuf Tech, 2017, 91(9–12):1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang XL, Sun WL, Chen Y, Zhang JJ, Huang Y, Huang HB (2018) Research on trajectory planning of complex curved surface parts by laser cladding remanufacturing. Int J Adv Manuf Tech 96(5–8):2397–2406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhao YH, Sun J, Li JF (2015) Study on chip morphology and milling characteristics of laser cladding layer. Int J Adv Manuf Tech 77(5–8):783–796CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lei X, Cao HJ, Liu HL, Zhang YB (2017) Study on laser cladding remanufacturing process with FeCrNiCu alloy powder for thin-wall impeller blade. Int J Adv Manuf Tech 90(5–8):1383–1392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shi J, Bai SQ (2013) Research on gear repairing technology by laser cladding. Key Eng Mater 546:40–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhao N, Tao L, Guo H, Zhang M (2017) Microstructure and wear resistance of laser cladded Ni-based coatings with nanometer La_2O_3 addition. Rare Met Mater Eng 46:2092–2096CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lv Y, Lei L, Sun L (2017) Effect of microshot peened treatment on the fatigue behavior of laser-melted W6Mo5Cr4V2 steel gear. Int J Fatigue 98:121–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Arias-González F, Del Val J, Comesaña R, Penide J, Lusquiños F, Quintero F, Riveiro A, Boutinguiza M, Pou J (2017) Laser cladding of phosphor bronze. Surf Coat Technol 313:248–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chen L, Liu S, Tao R, Liu D, Lou D, Bennett P (2016) Finite element analysis of the temperature field in laser cladding of Ni-based powders on teeth surfaces of the helical gear. J Appl Mech Tech Phys 57(5):888–893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lv Y, Lei L, Sun L (2016) Influence of different combined severe shot peening and laser surface melting treatments on the fatigue performance of 20CrMnTi steel gear. J Mater Sci Eng A 658:77–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ezura A, Yoshimine H, Ohkawa K, Katahira K, Komotori J (2016) Improvement in wear resistance of stainless steel by laser-induced local surface treatment. J Adv Mech Des Syst Manuf 10(5):1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Torims T, Pikurs G, Ratkus A, Logins A, Vilcans J, Sklariks S (2015) Development of technological equipment to laboratory test in-situ laser cladding for marine engine crankshaft renovation. Procedia Eng 100:559–568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhang K, Liu WJ, Shang XF (2007) Research on the processing experiments of laser metal deposition shaping. Opt Laser Technol 39(3):549–557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zang CC, Wang YZ, Zhang YD, Li JH, Zeng H, Zhang DQ (2015) Microstructure and wear-resistant properties of NiCr-Cr3C2coating with Ni45 transition layer produced by laser cladding. Rare Metals 34(7):491–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zang C C, Wang YZ, Zhang YD. (2014) Effects of laser cladding process on cladding layer qualities of nickel-base alloy[J]. Adv Mater Res, 1028:90–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wang YZ, Lan Z, Hou LW, Zhao HP, Zhong Y (2015) A precision generating grinding method for face gear using CBN wheel. Int J Adv Manuf Tech 79(9–12):1839–1848CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wang YZ, Lan Z, Hou LW, Zhao HP, Zhong Y (2016) A generating milling method for a spur face gear using a five-axis computer numerical control milling machine. P I Mech Eng B-J Eng 230(8):1440–1450Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wang YZ, Hou LW, Lan Z, Zhang GL (2016) Precision grinding technology for complex surface of aero face-gear. Int J Adv Manuf Tech 86(5–8):1263–1272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wang YZ, Hou LW, Lan Z, Zhu CL (2017) Precision milling method for face-gear by disk cutter. Int J Adv Manuf Tech 89(5–8):1545–1558CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanzhong Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaomeng Chu
    • 1
  • Guoying Su
    • 1
  • Weiqiang Zhao
    • 1
  • Yueming He
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mechanical Engineering and AutomationBeihang UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations