An overview on severe plastic deformation: research status, techniques classification, microstructure evolution, and applications

  • E. Bagherpour
  • N. Pardis
  • M. ReihanianEmail author
  • R. Ebrahimi


The present overview gives a new approach toward developments and recent achievements in severe plastic deformation. The review focuses on several subjects. First, an outline of SPD research status in the world is presented by literature analysis based on the total number of publications, citations, and the contribution of the top-ranked countries. Second, the mechanisms of grain refinement and grain growth during SPD processing are discussed by means of the latest concepts. Third, all SPD methods invented so far are classified based on a new approach. Up to now, the growing tendency of researchers to introduce new SPD techniques results in a large number of SPD methods which can be considered as new or modified techniques or a combination of previous ones. Such a reference can help to prevent the future duplication to introduce the SPD processes, which are technically similar. At the end, the practical applications of ultrafine/nanostructured materials and industrial commercialization of SPD methods are summarized.


Severe plastic deformation Nanostructured materials Grain refinement Research status Application 


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The financial support of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz and Shiraz University is gratefully appreciated.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, School of EngineeringShiraz UniversityShirazIran
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringShahid Chamran University of AhvazAhvazIran

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