Friction stir welding of dissimilar aluminum alloys and steels: a review

  • Long WanEmail author
  • Yongxian Huang


The present paper is focused on friction stir welding (FSW) of dissimilar aluminum alloys and steels, an area that is getting great concern recently. The promise of FSW joints lies in low welding heat input and its ability to minimize the extent of the formation of intermetallic compound (IMC) in dissimilar metals. The present paper assessed the status of FSW process of dissimilar aluminum alloys and steels, and to identify the opportunities and challenges for the future. The essential reason for the formation of the dissimilar Al/steel FSW joints with high quality is explained by super diffusion behavior. This paper will provide basis to designers and engineers to consider FSW for a wider range of dissimilar aluminum alloys and steels.


Friction stir welding Aluminum alloys Steels Intermetallic compound Super diffusion behavior 


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The work was jointly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51575132) and the Fund of National Engineering and Research Center for Commercial Aircraft Manufacturing (No. COMAC-SFGS-2016-33214).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding and JoiningHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinPeople’s Republic of China

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