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Influences of tool structure, tool material and tool wear on machined surface integrity during turning and milling of titanium and nickel alloys: a review

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Abstract

Titanium and nickel alloys have been used widely due to their admirable physical and mechanical properties, which also result in poor machinability for these alloys. Improvement of surface integrity of titanium and nickel alloys is always a challengeable subject in the area of manufacture. Besides the cutting parameters and cutting environments, the structure and material of cutting tools are also the most basic factors that govern the machined surface integrity. This review paper provides an overview of the machined surface integrity of titanium and nickel alloys with reference to the influences of tool structure, tool material, as well as tool wear. Surface integrity mainly covers geometrical characteristics, microstructure alterations and mechanical properties of the machined surface. Influences of cutting tool parameters on above characteristics of machined surface integrity are reviewed respectively, and there are many different types of surface integrity problems reported in the literatures. However, the current research on the effects of tool parameters on machined surface integrity mainly depends on practical experiments or empirical data, a comprehensive and systematic modeling approach considering the process physics and practical application is still lacking. It is concluded that further research for the influence of tool parameters on machined surface integrity should consider the requirements of service performance (e.g. fatigue life) for machined components. It is vital important to establish the mapping relationships among the cutting tool parameters, machined surface integrity, and the service performance of machined components.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51705293, 51425503), and the Major Science and Technology Program of High-end CNC Machine Tools and Basic Manufacturing Equipment (2014ZX04012014 and 2015ZX04005008). This work was also supported by project funded by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2017M610422), International Postdoctoral Exchange Fellowship Program and grants from Taishan Scholar Foundation (TS20130922).

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Correspondence to Zhanqiang Liu.

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Wang, B., Liu, Z. Influences of tool structure, tool material and tool wear on machined surface integrity during turning and milling of titanium and nickel alloys: a review. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 98, 1925–1975 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-018-2314-1

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Keywords

  • Machining
  • Surface integrity
  • Tool structure and material
  • Tool wear
  • Titanium and nickel alloys