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Improvement of the useful life of the machining tool with the carbonitrides multilayer system

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Multilayer effect was studied systematically on the carbon-nitride system and its effect on the flank wear of cutting inserts. In this sense, tungsten carbide (WC) inserts were used as substrates to improve their tribological properties. The heterostructure coatings were grown via reactive r.f. magnetron sputtering technique by methodically varying the bilayer period (Λ) and the bilayer number (n) while maintaining constant the total coating thickness (~ 3 μm) of the films. The heterostructures were characterized by transmission microscopy (TEM), and the wear tests were supported by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and laser interferometry. The results showed that the increase of (n) produced a significant increase of the wear resistance in both laboratory wear tests and in real wear tests. In summary, these results encourage the use of the [TiCN/TiNbCN]n system as coatings for machining tools with a drastic enhancement of the wear life. This work has seldom been addressed in literature focused on the tribological properties of the carbon-nitride system.

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The authors wish to acknowledge the support of COLCIENCIAS and the Excellence Center for Novel Materials, CENM under the RC-043-2005 contract, as well as COLCIENCIAS (Colombia) for the Ph.D. funding of O.A. Zambrano, and the Universidad del Valle (Colombia) for the Bolsa Concursable 2017.

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Correspondence to J. C. Caicedo.

Additional information


• Innovative multilayer films TiCN/TiNbCN that offer the improvement on superlattices effect, modifying different physical properties.

• The results showed that the increase of (n) produced a drastic increase of the wear resistance.

• The bilayer period (Λ) was studied systematically on the coherent assembly of the [TiCN/TiNbCN]n system and its effect on the flank wear of machining tools.

• The [TiCN/TiNbCN]n system with a total thickness of ~ 3 μm has been designed and deposited to obtain bilayer numbers from 1 to 200.

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Caicedo, J.C., Zambrano, O.A. & Aperador, W. Improvement of the useful life of the machining tool with the carbonitrides multilayer system. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 96, 3263–3277 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-018-1826-z

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  • WC inserts
  • Tool wear
  • Bilayer period
  • Hard coatings
  • Cutting tools
  • Multilayer