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Creating micro textured surfaces for the improvement of surface wettability through ultrasonic vibration assisted turning

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There are many different methods to improve and control surface wettability. One of these methods is the creation of micro- and nanotextures or multiscale textures on the surfaces. In this research, the process of ultrasonic vibration-assisted face-turning (UVAT) was used in order to improve surface wettability of Al7075-T6. To this end, the effect of various parameters in UVAT process including the vibration modes of the tool (CT, LVT, EVT, 3D-VT), cutting speed, and feed rate was examined on the roughness and topography of surfaces and thus on the surface wettability. Surface wettability was estimated through measuring water droplet contact angle in the two directions of cutting speed (θ c ) and feed rate (θ f ). Analysis of the variance of experimental results showed that among the existing parameters, the type of vibration mode, with 65.56 and 60.84% effectiveness, has the greatest impact on the surface wettability (θ c , θ f ), while feed rate, with 95.39% effectiveness, has the greatest impact on anisotropic wettability (Δθ).

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Hosseinabadi, H.N., Sajjady, S.A. & Amini, S. Creating micro textured surfaces for the improvement of surface wettability through ultrasonic vibration assisted turning. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 96, 2825–2839 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-018-1580-2

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  • Ultrasonic vibration assisted turning
  • Wettability
  • Surface texturing
  • Contact angle
  • Anisotropic wetting