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Preparation mechanism and grinding performance of single-layer self-lubrication brazed CBN abrasive wheels

Abstract

In order to fabricate single-layer self-lubrication brazed cubic boron nitride (CBN) abrasive wheels, brazing experiments of graphite particles and AISI 1045 steel were carried out using Ag–Cu–Ti filler alloy. Optical microscope, scanning electron microscope, energy-dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction were employed to characterize the microstructure and phase constitution of the brazing interface between graphite particles and Ag–Cu–Ti alloy. The formation mechanism was discussed. The results show that TiC resultants are formed via the diffusion behavior of Ti atoms and C atoms towards the joining interface. The chemical resultants of TiC have the granular shape at the early stage. Then, they grow across the joining interface between the graphite particle and Ag–Cu–Ti alloy. Finally, the continuous lamellar TiC compounds come into being around the graphite particle. Chemical joining of graphite particles and Ag–Cu–Ti filler alloy is accordingly realized. A comparative experiment displayed that the single-layer self-lubrication brazed CBN abrasive wheel has better performance than the conventional brazed counterpart.

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Correspondence to W. F. Ding.

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Ding, W.F., Miao, Q., Xu, J.H. et al. Preparation mechanism and grinding performance of single-layer self-lubrication brazed CBN abrasive wheels. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 68, 249–255 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-013-4725-3

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Keywords

  • Ag–Cu–Ti filler alloy
  • Graphite particles
  • Brazing
  • Interfacial microstructure
  • Grinding performance