In this paper, two process and die design methods for ball valve forming from stainless steel tubes are compared: one is the tube hydroforming method (THFM), and the other is the tube nosing method (TNSM). Simulations on hydraulic expansion, axial feeding, and tube nosing of the ball shell forming with the two methods using the program DEFORM-3D are carried out. The influence of the two methods on workpiece formability and wall thickness distribution of ball valve forming is examined. A tube nosing experiment is carried out with a SUS304 stainless steel tube at room temperature. An accepted product of ball valve satisfying the industrial demand is obtained using TNSM.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Zhang SH (1999) Developments in hydroforming. J Mater Process Technol 91:236–245
Dohmann F, Hartl C (1996) Hydroforming: a method to manufacture light-weight parts. J Mater Process Technol 60:669–675
Koc M (1999) Development of design guideline for part, tooling and process in the tube hydroforming technology. Dissertation, Ohio State University
Asnafi N, Skogsgardh A (2000) Theoretical and experimental analysis of stroke-controlled and hydroforming. J Mater Sci Eng 279:95–110
Dohmann F, Hartl C (1997) Tube hydroforming: research and practical application. J Mater Process Technol 71:187–196
Lei LP, Kim DH, Kang SJ, Hwang SM, Kang BS (2001) Analysis and design of hydroforming processes by the rigid: plastic finite element method. J Mater Process Technol 114:201–206
Koc M, Allen T, Jiratheranat S, Altan T (2000) The use of FEA and design of experiments to establish design guidelines for simple hydroformed parts. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 40:2249–2266
Fann KJ, Su L (2000) Investigation on hydroforming of a T-tube with finite element method. Proceedings of the 17th National Conference on Mechanical Engineering, CSME, 8–9 December 2000, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, D103
Hwang YM, Lin YK, Wu HC, Chen HC (2001) FE-simulation on T-shape tube hydroforming. Proceedings of the 18th National Conference on Mechanical Engineering, CSME, 7–8 Dec, 2001, Taipei, Taiwan, pp 311–315
Kobayashi S, Oh SI, Altan T (1989) Metal forming and finite-element method. Oxford University Press, New York
Park JJ, Rebelo N, Kobayashi S (1984) A new approach to preform design in metal forming with finite element method. Int J Mach Tool Des Res 23(1):71–79
Harrigan JJ (1995) Internal inversion and nosing of laterally constrained metal tubes. Dissertation, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology
Zhu J (1997) A new approach to preform design in shell nosing. J Mater Process Technol 63:640–644
Reid SR, Harrigan JJ (1998) Transient effects in the quasi-static and dynamic internal inversion and nosing of metal tube. Int J Mech Sci 40:263–280
Dai K, Wang ZR (2001) A graphical description of shear stress distribution in the drawing of a thin-wall tube with a conical die. J Mater Process Technol 102:174–178
Kwan CT, Fang CH, Chiu CJ, Chen SW, Wen HW, Wang SC (2002) An analysis of the reducing process of metal tubes. The 19th National Conference on Mechanical Engineering, CSME, 29–30 November 2002, Huwei, Taiwan, D2-002
Scientific Forming Technologies Corporation (2003) Deform-3D user’s manual, version 3.4. Scientific Forming Technologies Corporation, Columbus, OH
Tachia Yung Ho Machine Industry Company (2003) Catalog of tube product. Tachia Yung Ho Machine Industry Company, Taiwan
About this article
Cite this article
Kwan, C. A study of process and die design for ball valve forming from stainless steel tube. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 26, 983–990 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-004-2081-z
- Ball valve
- Finite element simulation
- Tube hydroforming
- Tube nosing